Ano 2010 - Volume 30, Número 3


Título
Ocorrência de paratuberculose em búfalos (Bubalus bubalis) em Pernambuco, 30(3):237-242
Autores

Resumo
ABSTRACT.- Mota R.A., Peixoto P.V., Yamasaki E.M., Medeiros E.S., Costa M.M., Peixoto R.M. & Brito M.F. 2010. [Occurrence of paratuberculosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in Pernambuco.] Ocorrência de paratuberculose em búfalos (Bubalus bubalis) em Pernambuco. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(3):237-242. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil. E-mail: rinaldo.mota@hotmail.com

Paratuberculosis (PTB) is a disease of great economical importance for ruminant in several countries and represents a threat to the development of Brazilian livestock. The contagious disease caused by chronic PTB leads to incurable granulomatous enterocolitis of difficult control. PTB is caused by the Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). No record on the occurrence of paratuberculosis in buffaloes in Brazil could be found. Five of 100 buffaloes in a herd in Pernambuco-Brazil showed clinical signs characteristic of PTB. At necropsy, of two animals the lesions were restricted to the small intestine with thickening and corrugation of the mucosa, increase of mesenteric lymph nodes and prominent lymph vessels. Histopathology revealed granulomatous inflammation infiltrated with numerous epithelioid macrophages, Langhans type giant cells, and clusters of Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) positive organisms within the intestinal mucosa. In the mesenteric lymph nodes there was thickening of the capsule and marked granulomatous inflammation. Smears of feces and scrapping smears were prepared from intestinal mucosa and cut surface of mesenteric lymph nodes and, stained by the Ziehl-Neelsen method for research of acid fast bacilli, with positive results. Lymph nodes and intestinal mucosa revealed at IS900 specific polymerase chain reaction amplification of a fragment of about 110pb, confirmed by the comparison with other sequences of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis available in GenBank.
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