Ano 2005 - Volume 25, Número 2


Título
Estudo clínico e características do suco ruminal de caprinos com acidose láctica induzida experimentalmente, p.73-78
Autores

Resumo
Miranda Neto E.G., Afonso J.A.B., Mendonça C.L. & Almeida M.Z.P.R.B. 2005. [Clinical study and characteristics of the ruminal fluid of goats in experimentally induced lactic acidosis.] Estudo clínico e características do suco ruminal de caprinos com acidose láctica induzida experimentalmente. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 25(2):73-78. Clinica de Bovinos, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Cx. Postal 152, Garanhuns, PE 55292-901, Brazil. E-mail: eldinemneto@hotmail.com

The objective was to study the effects of ruminal lactic acidosis in goats, induced experimentally, on the clinical manifestations, the physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of the ruminal fluid. Ten 1 to 2 year old male goats, cross bred (SRD), with 25 kg body weight, in good health condition and housed in a stall, were rumen-fistulated. After establishing normal pattern for the variables studied, the acidosis was induced with the administration of 15g sucrose/kg body weight. Clinical and laboratorial observations were accomplished at intervals of 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours, after the induction (PI). Already 4 hours PI the animals showed clinical signs of apathy, anorexia, increased heart frequency, ruminal atony, abdominal distention and diarrhea. The characteristics of the ruminal fluid suffered alterations, as reduction of the pH (below 5.0), and its color became a milky aspect, acid smell and aqueous consistency. The time of sedimentation activity (TAS) was reduced and the dynamics of the fauna and flora were committed, with the prevalence of Gram-positive bacteria. At the end of the observation period the analyzed variables were not yet fully re-established in some animals.
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