Resultado da pesquisa (11)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Batista J.S

#11 - Infecção experimental por Trypanosoma vivax em ovinos

Abstract in English:

Batista J.S., Riet-Correa F., Barbosa R.C. & Guerra J.L. 2006. [Experimental infection by Trypanosoma vivax in sheep.] Infecção experimental por Trypanosoma vivax em ovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):31-37. Hospital Veterinário, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus de Patos, 58700-000 Patos, PB, Brazil. E-mail: franklin.riet@pesquisador.cnpq.br This paper has the objective to report clinical signs, hematologic changes, and macroscopic and microscopic alterations in sheep infected experimentally with Trypanosoma vivax, isolated from an outbreak in cattle in the semiarid region of the state of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. Four Santa Inês sheep were inoculated intravenously with 1ml of blood containing 1.85x105 trypomastigotes. Other 4 sheep were used as control. The presence of trypanosomes in the blood and the temperature were recorded daily during the first 30 days and fortnightly from day 31 to day 90 after infection. Also fortnightly, the sheep were weighed and blood samples were obtained for hematological analysis. One inoculated sheep died 75 days after inoculation. The other 3 inoculated and the 4 control sheep were killed 90 days after the beginning of the experiment. T. vivax was observed constantly in the blood of the inoculated sheep from 4-15 days after inoculation. From day 16 to day 30 the parasitemia was lower and irregular. No trypanosomes were observed in the blood after 30 days of infection. A positive linear correlation [Y=0.027x + 38.515, R2=0.944 (P<0.05)] was found between the number of trypanosomes in the blood and body temperature. Significant differences were observed in body weight between inoculated and non-inoculated sheep from day 30 to day 90 after the experiment. From day 30 to day 90 after inoculation trypanosomes were absent or only in low numbers in the blood, and the animals showed anemia and leucopenia. Gross alterations were pale carcasses, enlarged lymph nodes and spleen, and augmented liquid in the peritoneal and pericardiac cavities. Multifocal lymphocytic myocarditis was observed histologically. It is concluded that the isolate is pathogenic to sheep. It is suggested that the semiarid region, where the outbreak occurred, is non-endemic (marginal) for trypanosomosis, and that the disease may occur if the parasite is introduced through vectors.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Batista J.S., Riet-Correa F., Barbosa R.C. & Guerra J.L. 2006. [Experimental infection by Trypanosoma vivax in sheep.] Infecção experimental por Trypanosoma vivax em ovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):31-37. Hospital Veterinário, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus de Patos, 58700-000 Patos, PB, Brazil. E-mail: franklin.riet@pesquisador.cnpq.br This paper has the objective to report clinical signs, hematologic changes, and macroscopic and microscopic alterations in sheep infected experimentally with Trypanosoma vivax, isolated from an outbreak in cattle in the semiarid region of the state of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. Four Santa Inês sheep were inoculated intravenously with 1ml of blood containing 1.85x105 trypomastigotes. Other 4 sheep were used as control. The presence of trypanosomes in the blood and the temperature were recorded daily during the first 30 days and fortnightly from day 31 to day 90 after infection. Also fortnightly, the sheep were weighed and blood samples were obtained for hematological analysis. One inoculated sheep died 75 days after inoculation. The other 3 inoculated and the 4 control sheep were killed 90 days after the beginning of the experiment. T. vivax was observed constantly in the blood of the inoculated sheep from 4-15 days after inoculation. From day 16 to day 30 the parasitemia was lower and irregular. No trypanosomes were observed in the blood after 30 days of infection. A positive linear correlation [Y=0.027x + 38.515, R2=0.944 (P<0.05)] was found between the number of trypanosomes in the blood and body temperature. Significant differences were observed in body weight between inoculated and non-inoculated sheep from day 30 to day 90 after the experiment. From day 30 to day 90 after inoculation trypanosomes were absent or only in low numbers in the blood, and the animals showed anemia and leucopenia. Gross alterations were pale carcasses, enlarged lymph nodes and spleen, and augmented liquid in the peritoneal and pericardiac cavities. Multifocal lymphocytic myocarditis was observed histologically. It is concluded that the isolate is pathogenic to sheep. It is suggested that the semiarid region, where the outbreak occurred, is non-endemic (marginal) for trypanosomosis, and that the disease may occur if the parasite is introduced through vectors.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV