Resultado da pesquisa (4)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Azevedo E.O

#1 - Pythiosis in cattle in Northeastern Brazil

Abstract in English:

The epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of cutaneous pythiosis occurring in cattle from three farms in the Northeastern of Brazil are described. A biopsy of the lesions of one bovine from each farm was performed. In two cases, the affected cattle had contact with water accumulated in dams during the dry season in the semiarid region. Another case occurred in the coastal tropical region in cattle grazing around irrigation channels. Clinically, lesions were observed mainly on the skin of the thoracic and/or pelvic limbs, characterized by flat and irregular ulcerated areas or nodules of varying sizes, some with fistulous tracts penetrating deep into the subcutaneous tissue. In one case the regional lymph nodes were affected. Histologically, in all cases, pyogranulomatous dermatitis associated with negative hyphae images, in hematoxylin-eosin stained sections, were observed. In sections stained by Grocott methenamine silver, the hyphae measured 2-8μm and had irregular ramifications and rare septations. Immunohistochemistry technique demonstrated strong immunolabeling for Pythium insidiosum. Pythiosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of dermatopathies in cattle in the Northeastern of Brazil.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Descrevem-se os aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos da pitiose cutânea em bovinos de três propriedades do Nordeste do Brasil. Uma biópsia das lesões de um bovino de cada propriedade foi realizada. Em dois casos, os bovinos afetados tiveram acesso à água acumulada em açudes durante a estação seca da região semiárida. O outro bovino acometido estava a pastoreio próximo a canais de irrigação na região litorânea. Clinicamente, as lesões foram observadas principalmente na pele dos membros torácicos e/ou pélvicos e caracterizavam-se por áreas planas e irregulares de ulceração ou nódulos de tamanhos variados, alguns com trajetos fistulosos penetrando profundamente no tecido subcutâneo. Em um caso, os linfonodos regionais foram afetados. Histologicamente, em todos os casos, observou-se dermatite piogranulomatosa associada a imagens negativas de hifas, em secções corados por hematoxilina e eosina. Em seções coradas por metenamina de prata de Grocott, as hifas mediam 2-8μm e possuíam ramificações irregulares com raras septações. A imuno-histoquímica demonstrou forte imunomarcação para Pythium insidiosum. A pitiose deve ser incluída como diagnóstico diferencial de dermatopatias de bovinos no Nordeste do Brasil.


#2 - Immune response in goats vaccinated against contagious agalactia, 33(5):561-564

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Alcântara M.D.B., Campos A.C., Melo M.A., Pereira Filho J.M., Nascimento E.R., Farias A.A., Sousa D.R.M. & Azevedo E.O. 2013. [Immune response in goats vaccinated against contagious agalactia.] Resposta imunológica em caprinos vacinados contra agalaxia contagiosa. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 33(5):561-564. Laboratório de Vacinas e Diagnóstico, Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Av. Universitária s/n, Santa Cecília, Patos, PB 58708-110, Brazil. E-mail: edisio@pq.cnpq.br This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of two inactivated vaccines against contagious agalactia containing adjuvant oily and watery. For this, 73 goats were divided in two experiments. In the experiment I was verified the vaccine safety and 15 goats were divided into three experimental groups of five animals each. A1 and B1 groups were immunized with vaccine containing either aluminum or oil, respectively, and group C was the control group without immunization. In the experiment II, the immune response against the vaccines was evaluated by immunization of 58 goats that were divided in to two groups: group A2, 28 animals were immunized with the aluminum based vaccine; and group B2, 30 animals were immunized with the oil based vaccine. In the experiment II, the animals received a third dose on 180 day after the second dose. Antibody levels were determined by indirect ELISA from ssamples collected on vaccination days and on 30 day after the second dose (Experiment I) and on 30 day after the third dose (Experiment II). The animals from B1 and B2 groups (oil based vaccine) demonstrated higher antibody levels (P<0.05) than A1 and A2 (aluminum based vaccine) in both experiments.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Alcântara M.D.B., Campos A.C., Melo M.A., Pereira Filho J.M., Nascimento E.R., Farias A.A., Sousa D.R.M. & Azevedo E.O. 2013. [Immune response in goats vaccinated against contagious agalactia.] Resposta imunológica em caprinos vacinados contra agalaxia contagiosa. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 33(5):561-564. Laboratório de Vacinas e Diagnóstico, Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Av. Universitária s/n, Santa Cecília, Patos, PB 58708-110, Brazil. E-mail: edisio@pq.cnpq.br Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência de duas vacinas inativadas contra agalaxia contagiosa contendo adjuvante oleoso e aquoso. Para tanto, foram utilizados 73 caprinos, agrupados em dois experimentos. No experimento I, para avaliar a inocuidade das vacinas, foram utilizados 15 caprinos, subdivididos em três grupos de cinco animais cada, sendo que o grupo A1 foi imunizado com a vacina aquosa, o grupo B1 com a vacina oleosa e o grupo C não imunizado, foi o controle. No experimento II, para avaliar a resposta imune foram utilizados 58 caprinos, subdivididos em dois grupos, sendo o grupo A2, com 28 animais imunizados com a vacina aquosa e o grupo B2, com 30 animais imunizados com a vacina oleosa. Os animais do experimento II receberam uma terceira dose, 180 dias após a segunda dose vacinal. Os níveis de anticorpos foram determinados por ELISA indireto, realizado no dia de cada vacinação e 30 dias após a segunda dose (experimento I) e 30 dias após a terceira dose vacinal (experimento II). Os animais do grupo B1 e B2 (vacina oleosa) apresentaram níveis de anticorpos estatisticamente superiores (P<0,05) quando comparados aos dos grupos A1 e A2 (vacina aquosa) nos dois experimentos.


#3 - Occurrence and risk factors associated with the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in sheep and goats from the semiarid region of the Paraiba state, Northeastern Brazil, 32(2):116-120

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Andrade J.S.L., Azevedo S.S., Teles J.A.A., Higino S.S.S. & Azevedo E.O. 2012. [Occurrence and risk factors associated with the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in sheep and goats from the semiarid region of the Paraiba state, Northeastern Brazil.] Ocorrência e fatores de risco associados à infecção por Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis em caprinos e ovinos do semiárido paraibano. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(2):116-120. Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária, Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Av. Universitária s/n, Patos, PB 58700-970, Brazil. E-mail: edisio@cstr.ufcg.edu.br This study aimed to determine the occurrence and risk factors associated with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in goats and sheep in semiarid region of Paraiba State, Northeastern Brazil. Of the 640 animals examined, 7.7% (49/640) had clinical evidence of caseous lymphadenitis. In 59.2% (29/49) of these animals there was only the scars of previously ruptured abscesses and in 40.8% (20/49) of the animals abscesses were intact. Of these 20 animals 13 (65%) goats had 14 abscesses, whereas seven (35%) sheep had eight abscesses. In both species, pre-scapular lymph node was the most involved. C. pseudotuberculosis was the agent most frequently isolated, in 15 (68.2%) samples, and in one (4.5%) coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was isolated, one (4.5%) Enterococcus sp., one (4.5%) Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and in four (18.2%) samples there was no bacterial growth. The final logistic regression model showed that animals from herds where their owners let the abscesses break naturally presented larger odds of caseous lymphadenitis (odds ratio = 8.19, 95% CI = 1.75 - 38.25, p = 0.008). We conclude that goat/sheep owners of the region should adopt preventive measures in their herds, such as early opening and drainage of superficial abscesses, and appropriate destination of the content. Such measures, in addition to regular inspection of the flock, disposal of diseased animals and introduction of non-infected animals will contribute to the control of this infection.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Andrade J.S.L., Azevedo S.S., Teles J.A.A., Higino S.S.S. & Azevedo E.O. 2012. [Occurrence and risk factors associated with the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in sheep and goats from the semiarid region of the Paraiba state, Northeastern Brazil.] Ocorrência e fatores de risco associados à infecção por Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis em caprinos e ovinos do semiárido paraibano. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(2):116-120. Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária, Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Av. Universitária s/n, Patos, PB 58700-970, Brazil. E-mail: edisio@cstr.ufcg.edu.br Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a ocorrência e os fatores de risco associados à infecção por Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis em caprinos e ovinos do semiárido da Paraiba. De 640 animais examinados, 7,7% (49/640) apresentavam evidências clínicas de linfadenite caseosa. Em 59,2% (29/49) destes animais havia apenas as cicatrizes de abscessos anteriormente rompidos; em 40,8% (20/49) dos animais, os abscessos estavam intactos. Desses 20 animais, 13 (65%) caprinos apresentaram 14 abscessos, enquanto que sete (35%) ovinos apresentaram oito abscessos. Em ambas as espécies, o linfonodo pré-escapular foi o mais acometido. No exame microbiológico, constatou-se que C. pseudotuberculosis foi o agente mais frequentemente isolado, em 15 (68,2%) amostras; em uma (4,5%) foi isolado Staphylococcus coagulase negativa; uma (4,5%) Enterococcus sp.; uma (4,5%) o Proteus mirabilis e Pseudomonas aeruginosa; e em quatro (18,2%) amostras não houve crescimento bacteriano. O modelo final de regressão logística mostrou que animais provenientes de rebanhos em que seus proprietários deixavam os abscessos romperem naturalmente tiveram maior chance de apresentar linfadenite caseosa (odds ratio =8,19; IC 95% =1,75-38,25; p=0,008). Conclui-se que os caprinovinocultores da região devem adotar medidas profiláticas em seus rebanhos, como abertura e drenagem precoce dos abscessos superficiais e destino adequado do conteúdo. Tais medidas, associadas à inspeção periódica do rebanho, descarte de animais doentes e não introdução de animais infectados, contribuirão significativamente para o controle desta infecção.


#4 - Outbreaks of rhinofacial and rhinopharyngeal zygomycosis in sheep in Paraíba, northeastern Brazil, p.29-35

Abstract in English:

Abstract.- Riet-Correa F., Dantas A.F.M., Azevedo E.O., Simões S.D.V., Silva S.M.S., Vilela R. & Mendoza L. 2008. Outbreaks of rhinofacial and rhinopharyngeal zygomycosis in sheep in Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(1):29-35. Hospital Veterinário, CSTR, Universidades Federal de Campina Grande, Patos, PB 58700-000, Brazil. E-mail: franklin.riet@pq.cnpq.br Two outbreaks of zigomycosis with rhinofacial and two other with rhinopharyngeal lesions involving fungi with filamentous coaenocytic hyphae characteristic of entomoph-thoramycetous fungi are reported in the state of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. One outbreak of rhinofacial zygomycosis occurred during the rainy season affecting 5 sheep. Another outbreak of the clinical form affected one out of 40 sheep during the dry season. Common clinical signs of the rhinofacial infection were bilateral serosanguineous nasal discharge with swelling of nostrils, upper lip, and the skin of the face. At necropsy the nasal mucosa showed dark brownish ulcerated areas which extended from the mucocutaneous region to 10cm inside the nasal vestibule. The mucosa of the hard palate was also ulcerated. The cutting surface of nostrils and palate showed a brownish or red spongeous tissue of friable consistency. One outbreak of rhinopharyngitis took place on an irrigated coconut farm; 7 out of 60 adult sheep were affected. Another outbreak affected a sheep in a flock of 80 during the dry season. Clinical signs as noisy respiration and dyspnoea due to mechanical blockage of the nasal cavities, swelling of the nostrils, and serosanguineous nasal discharge were observed. Six out of 8 sheep in this group showed exophthalmia, keratitis and unilateral corneal ulceration of the eye. The sheep either died of their infection or were euthanized after a clinical course of 7-30 days. At necropsy there was a dense yellow exudate in the nasopharyngeal area affecting the ethmoidal region, turbinate bones, paranasal sinuses, hard and soft palates, orbital cavity, pharynges, regional muscles and lymph nodes. Histopathologically both forms of the disease showed multifocal granulomas with an eosinophilic necrotic reaction (Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon) containing ribbon type coenocytic hyphae with 7-30mm in diameter similar to hyphae of zygomycetous fungi, possibly Conidiobolus spp. Outbreaks of both forms of mycotic rhinitis are common in northeastern Brazil and in other regions of the country.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Abstract.- Riet-Correa F., Dantas A.F.M., Azevedo E.O., Simões S.D.V., Silva S.M.S., Vilela R. & Mendoza L. 2008. Outbreaks of rhinofacial and rhinopharyngeal zygomycosis in sheep in Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(1):29-35. Hospital Veterinário, CSTR, Universidades Federal de Campina Grande, Patos, PB 58700-000, Brazil. E-mail: franklin.riet@pq.cnpq.br Two outbreaks of zigomycosis with rhinofacial and two other with rhinopharyngeal lesions involving fungi with filamentous coaenocytic hyphae characteristic of entomoph-thoramycetous fungi are reported in the state of Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. One outbreak of rhinofacial zygomycosis occurred during the rainy season affecting 5 sheep. Another outbreak of the clinical form affected one out of 40 sheep during the dry season. Common clinical signs of the rhinofacial infection were bilateral serosanguineous nasal discharge with swelling of nostrils, upper lip, and the skin of the face. At necropsy the nasal mucosa showed dark brownish ulcerated areas which extended from the mucocutaneous region to 10cm inside the nasal vestibule. The mucosa of the hard palate was also ulcerated. The cutting surface of nostrils and palate showed a brownish or red spongeous tissue of friable consistency. One outbreak of rhinopharyngitis took place on an irrigated coconut farm; 7 out of 60 adult sheep were affected. Another outbreak affected a sheep in a flock of 80 during the dry season. Clinical signs as noisy respiration and dyspnoea due to mechanical blockage of the nasal cavities, swelling of the nostrils, and serosanguineous nasal discharge were observed. Six out of 8 sheep in this group showed exophthalmia, keratitis and unilateral corneal ulceration of the eye. The sheep either died of their infection or were euthanized after a clinical course of 7-30 days. At necropsy there was a dense yellow exudate in the nasopharyngeal area affecting the ethmoidal region, turbinate bones, paranasal sinuses, hard and soft palates, orbital cavity, pharynges, regional muscles and lymph nodes. Histopathologically both forms of the disease showed multifocal granulomas with an eosinophilic necrotic reaction (Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon) containing ribbon type coenocytic hyphae with 7-30mm in diameter similar to hyphae of zygomycetous fungi, possibly Conidiobolus spp. Outbreaks of both forms of mycotic rhinitis are common in northeastern Brazil and in other regions of the country.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV