Resultado da pesquisa (6)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Cunha N.C

#1 - Detection of the mcr-1 gene in Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) strains isolated from broilers

Abstract in English:

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) strains are among the major pathotypes found in poultry and their products, which are capable of causing human enteric infections. Colistin has been claimed the drug of choice against diseases caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGN) in humans. The mcr-1 gene was the first plasmidial gene that has been described to be responsible for colistin resistance and has also been detected in birds and poultry products. Our study aimed to detect the mcr-1 gene in enteropathogenic strains of E. coli in order to evaluate the resistance to colistin in broilers. The material was obtained from 240 cloacal samples and 60 broiler carcasses. The strains were isolated by the conventional bacteriological method and by the virulence genes, which characterize the enteropathogenic strains and resistance, and the samples were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 213 isolated strains of E. coli, 57 (26.76%) were characterized as atypical EPEC and 35 (16.43%) as STEC. The mcr-1 gene was found in 3.5% (2/57) of the EPEC strains and 5.7% (2/35) of the STEC strains. In this study, it was possible to confirm that the mcr-1 resistance gene is already circulating in the broiler flocks studied and may be associated with the pathogenic strains.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Escherichia coli Enteropatogênica (EPEC) e Shigatoxigênica (STEC) estão entres os principais patotipos encontrados em aves e produtos avícolas que são capazes de causar doença entérica no homem. A colistina tem sido preconizada como droga de escolha para o tratamento de doenças causadas por bactérias Gram-negativas multirresistentes em humanos. O gene mcr-1 foi o primeiro gene plasmidial a ser descrito como responsável pela resistência a colistina e tem sido descrito em aves e produtos avícolas. Este estudo tem como objetivo a detecção do gene mcr-1 em estirpes de E. coli enteropatogênicas a fim de avaliar a resistência a colistina em frangos de corte. O material foi obtido a partir de 240 amostras cloacais e 60 carcaças de frango de corte. As estirpes foram isoladas pelo método bacteriológico convencional e os genes de virulência, que caracterizam as estirpes enteropatogênicas, e resistência foram detectados pela reação em cadeia pela polimerase (PCR). Das 213 estirpes de E. coli isoladas, 57 (26,76%) foram caracterizadas como EPEC atípica e 35 (16,43%) como STEC. O gene mcr-1 foi encontrado em 3,5% (2/57) das estirpes EPEC e 5,7% (2/35) das estirpes STEC. Neste estudo foi possível confirmar que o gene de resistência mcr-1 já está em circulação nos lotes de frango de corte estudados e pode estar associado às estirpes patogênicas


#2 - Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in dogs at the surroundings of Conservation Units in the state of Rio de Janeiro: serological survey and associated factors, 37(11):1307-1312

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Campos S.D.E., Cunha N.C., Machado C.S.C., Souza T.V.T., Fonseca A.B.M., Pinter A., Fonseca A.H. & Almosny N.R.P. 2017. [Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in dogs at the surroundings of Conservation Units in the state of Rio de Janeiro: serological survey and associated factors.] Circulação de Rickettsias do Grupo da Febre Maculosa em cães no entorno de Unidades de Conservação Federais do estado do Rio de Janeiro: evidência sorológica e fatores associados. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(11):1307-1312. Departamento de Patologia e Clínica Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brazil Filho 64, Santa Rosa, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: s.destri@gmail.com Diseases caused by Rickettsiae have wide distribution and are associated with arthropods. Rickettsia rickettsii is the most pathogenic species of the Spotted Fever Group (SFG) and responsible for the Brazilian Spotted Fever. In the southeast the disease is endemic and serological surveys have demonstrated the presence of antibodies to SFG antigens in dogs, reinforcing the participation of the dog as sentinels. The main vectors are Amblyomma ticks, for which hosts are often wildlife animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of SFG Rickettsiae in the surroundings of Conservation Units (UC) at the state of Rio de Janeiro by Indirect Immunofluorescence Assay in dogs, and determine associated factors. Serum samples of 155 dogs were tested, with 16.1% of the seropositive animals at least to one of the antigens tested. There was an association between seroreactivity dogs and access to rainforest fragments; lack of veterinary care assistance; lack of actions against ticks; and family income up to two minimum salaries. Dogs with this profile had a higher chance of being exposed to SFG Rickettsiae. According to logistic regression, not going to rainforest areas was considered a protective factor for the dog along with the existence of veterinary care assistance and treatment against ticks. It was concluded that the SFG pathogens are present in the surroundings of UC studied, and possibly both R. rickettsii and R. parkeri are infecting dogs, since the animals showed exposure to both agents. We emphasize the participation of the veterinary and the adoption of the tick control measures as tools in preventing rickettsial infection.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Campos S.D.E., Cunha N.C., Machado C.S.C., Souza T.V.T., Fonseca A.B.M., Pinter A., Fonseca A.H. & Almosny N.R.P. 2017. [Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in dogs at the surroundings of Conservation Units in the state of Rio de Janeiro: serological survey and associated factors.] Circulação de Rickettsias do Grupo da Febre Maculosa em cães no entorno de Unidades de Conservação Federais do estado do Rio de Janeiro: evidência sorológica e fatores associados. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(11):1307-1312. Departamento de Patologia e Clínica Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brazil Filho 64, Santa Rosa, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: s.destri@gmail.com Doenças causadas por rickettsias tem ampla distribuição geográfica e estão associadas a artrópodes hematófagos. Rickettsia rickettsii é espécie mais patogênica do Grupo da Febre Maculosa (GFM) e responsável pela Febre Maculosa Brasileira. No sudeste do país a doença é endêmica e inquéritos sorológicos tem demonstrado presença de anticorpos para antígenos do GFM em cães, reforçando a participação do cão como sentinela. Os principais vetores são carrapatos do gênero Amblyomma, cujos hospedeiros são, muitas vezes, animais de vida silvestre. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar a circulação de rickettsias do GFM no entorno de Unidades de Conservação (UC) no Rio de Janeiro por meio da Imunofluorescência Indireta em cães, além de determinar os fatores associados. Amostras de soro de 155 cães foram testadas, sendo 16,1% dos animais sororreagentes pelo menos a um dos antígenos testados. Houve associação entre a sororreatividade dos cães e o acesso à mata; falta de assistência médico-veterinária; falta de medidas contra carrapatos; e renda familiar do responsável de até dois salários mínimos. Cães com este perfil apresentaram maior chance de serem expostos aos agentes do GFM. De acordo com o modelo de regressão logística, não frequentar áreas de mata foi considerado um fator de proteção para o cão, juntamente com possuir acompanhamento médico-veterinário e receber medidas contra carrapatos. Concluiu-se que patógenos do GFM circulam no entorno das UC estudadas, sendo possível que R. rickettsii e R. parkeri infectem cães, uma vez que os animais demonstraram exposição aos dois agentes. Ressalta-se a participação do veterinário e a adoção de medidas de combate a carrapatos como ferramentas na prevenção da infecção rickettsial.


#3 - Detection of fluoroquinolone resistance in Campylobacter strains from organic poultry, 35(7):613-619

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Frasão B.S., Côrtes L.R., Nascimento E.R., Cunha N.C., Almeida V.L. & Aquino M.H.C. 2015. [Detection of fluoroquinolone resistance in Campylobacter strains from organic poultry.] Detecção de resistência às fluoroquinolonas em Campylobacter isolados de frangos de criação orgânica. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 35(7):613-619. Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brasil Filho 64, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: beatrizfrasao@id.uff.br Studies have shown that resistance to quinolones in Campylobacter strains is related with Threonine-86-Isoleucine mutation. In order to investigate the presence of this mutation in sensitive and resistant Campylobacter strains to ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin, the cecal contents of 80 broilers from organic raising chickens, slaughtered under State Inspection Service (S.I.S) of the State of Rio de Janeiro, were collected and tested for the presence of Campylobacter. The determination of ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin susceptibility was done by disk diffusion and agar dilution methods for determining the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). The detection of mutation in Quinolone Resistance Determinant Region (QRDR) in gyrA gene was done by sequencing. Campylobacter was isolated from 100% of the samples, being 68.75% C. jejuni and 31.25% C. coli. By the disk diffusion method, resistance to ciprofloxacin was observed in all isolates and 56.25% of the strains were resistant to enrofloxacin. By agar dilution method, all strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin (MIC ≥ 16µg/mL to ≥ 64µg/mL) and full and intermediate resistance to enrofloxacin was detected in 42.50% (MIC ≥ 4-32μg/mL) and 38.75% (MIC =2μg/mL) of the strains, respectively. Mutation Thr-86-Ile was observed in 100% of the isolates investigated. In addition to this mutation, others no silent mutations (Val-73-Glu, Ser-114-Leu, Val-88-Asp, Ala-75-Asp, Gly-119-Ser, Arg-79-Lys) and silent mutations (His-81-His, Ser-119-Ser, Ala-120-Ala, Phe-99-Phe, Ala-122-Ala, Gly-74-Gly, Ile-77-Ile, Ala-91-Ala, Leu-92-Leu, Val-93-Val, Ile-106-Ile, Thr-107-Thr, Gly-113-Gly, Ile-115-Ile, Gly-110-Gly) were detected. All the enrofloxacin-sensitive strains by the phenotypic methods had the Thr-86 to Ile substitution, which suggests other mechanisms contributing to enrofloxacin resistance in Campylobacter.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Frasão B.S., Côrtes L.R., Nascimento E.R., Cunha N.C., Almeida V.L. & Aquino M.H.C. 2015. [Detection of fluoroquinolone resistance in Campylobacter strains from organic poultry.] Detecção de resistência às fluoroquinolonas em Campylobacter isolados de frangos de criação orgânica. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 35(7):613-619. Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Vital Brasil Filho 64, Niterói, RJ 24230-340, Brazil. E-mail: beatrizfrasao@id.uff.br Estudos têm revelado que a resistência às quinolonas em cepas de Campylobacter está relacionada à presença da mutação Treonina-86 para Isoleucina. Com o objetivo de investigar a presença dessa mutação em cepas de Campylobacter sensíveis e resistentes à ciprofloxacina e enrofloxacina, o conteúdo cecal de 80 frangos de corte de criação orgânica, abatidos sob Serviço de Inspeção Estadual (S.I.E.) do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, foram coletados e investigados para a presença de Campylobacter. A determinação da resistência à ciprofloxacina e enrofloxacina foi feita pela técnica de difusão em disco e de diluição em ágar para determinação da Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM). A detecção da mutação na Região Determinante de Resistencia às Quinolonas (RDRQ) no gene gyrA foi realizada através de sequenciamento. Campylobacter foi isolado a partir de 100% das amostras avaliadas, sendo 68,75% correspondente à C. jejuni e 31,25% à C. coli. No teste de difusão em disco, 100% das cepas foram resistentes à ciprofloxacina e 56,25% das cepas foram resistentes à enrofloxacina. No teste de diluição em ágar, todas as cepas foram resistentes à ciprofloxacina apresentando CIM variando de ≥ 16-64µg/mL, e resistência ou resistência intermediaria à enrofloxacina foi detectada em 42,50% (CIM ≥ 4-32µg/mL) e 38,75% (CIM = 2μg/mL) das cepas, respectivamente. A mutação Tre-86-Ile, foi observada em 100% das cepas analisadas. Além dessa mutação, foram observadas outras mutações não silenciosas (Val-73-Glu, Ser-114-Leu, Val-88-Asp, Ala-75-Asp, Ser-119-Gli, Arg-79-Lis) e mutações silenciosas (His-81-His, Ser-119-Ser, Ala-120-Ala, Fen-99-Fen, Ala-122-Ala, Gli-74-Gli, Ile-77-Ile, Ala-91-Ala, Leu-92-Leu, Val-93-Val, Ile-106-Ile, Tre-107-Tre, Gli-113-Gli, Ile-115-Ile, Gli-110-Gli). A observação de que cepas sensíveis à enrofloxacina pelos testes fenotípicos apresentavam a substituição Tre-86 para Ile sugere que outros mecanismos podem contribuir para a resistência à enrofloxacina em Campylobacter.


#4 - First identification of natural infection of Rickettsia rickettsii in the Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, p.105-109

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Cunha N.C., Fonseca A.H., Rezende J., Rozental T., Favacho A.R.M., Barreira J.D., Massard C.L., Lemos E.R.S. 2009. First identification of natural infection of Rickettsia rickettsii in the Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(2):105-108. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: adivaldo@ufrrj.br The Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) is a zoonotic disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks of the genus Amblyomma, more frequently, Amblyomma cajennense. The aim of this paper was to report the first molecular detection of R. rickettsii on R. sanguineus naturally infected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ticks were collected from dogs in a rural region of Resende municipality, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (22o 30min 9.46sec S, 44o 42min 44.29sec WO), where occurred five human cases of BSF in 2006. The ticks were identified under a stereoscopic microscope and separated in pools by stages, species and sex. DNA extraction was carried out using QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN®). The DNA was submitted to PCR amplification using 04 set of primers: Rr190.70p/Rr190.602n (OmpA, 532bp), BG1-21/BG2-20 (OmpB, 650bp), Tz15/Tz16 (17 kDa protein-encoding gene, 246bp) and RpCS.877p/RpCS.1258n (gltA, 381bp). PCR products were separated by electrophoresis on 1% agarose gels and visualized under ultraviolet light with ethidium bromide. PCR products of the expected sizes were purified by QIAquick® and sequenced by ABI PRISM®. The generated nucleotide sequences were edited with using Bioedit® software and compared with the corresponding homologous sequences available through GenBank, using Discontiguous Mega Blast (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). It was confirmed R. rickettsii by sequencing of the material (GenBank FJ356230). The molecular characterization of R. rickettsii in the tick R. sanguineus emphasizes the role of dogs as carriers of ticks from the environment to home. Moreover, this result suggests that there is a considerable chance for active participation of R. sanguineus as one of tick species in the transmission of R. ricketsii to human being in the Brazilian territory.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Cunha N.C., Fonseca A.H., Rezende J., Rozental T., Favacho A.R.M., Barreira J.D., Massard C.L., Lemos E.R.S. 2009. First identification of natural infection of Rickettsia rickettsii in the Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(2):105-108. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: adivaldo@ufrrj.br The Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) is a zoonotic disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks of the genus Amblyomma, more frequently, Amblyomma cajennense. The aim of this paper was to report the first molecular detection of R. rickettsii on R. sanguineus naturally infected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ticks were collected from dogs in a rural region of Resende municipality, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (22o 30min 9.46sec S, 44o 42min 44.29sec WO), where occurred five human cases of BSF in 2006. The ticks were identified under a stereoscopic microscope and separated in pools by stages, species and sex. DNA extraction was carried out using QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN®). The DNA was submitted to PCR amplification using 04 set of primers: Rr190.70p/Rr190.602n (OmpA, 532bp), BG1-21/BG2-20 (OmpB, 650bp), Tz15/Tz16 (17 kDa protein-encoding gene, 246bp) and RpCS.877p/RpCS.1258n (gltA, 381bp). PCR products were separated by electrophoresis on 1% agarose gels and visualized under ultraviolet light with ethidium bromide. PCR products of the expected sizes were purified by QIAquick® and sequenced by ABI PRISM®. The generated nucleotide sequences were edited with using Bioedit® software and compared with the corresponding homologous sequences available through GenBank, using Discontiguous Mega Blast (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). It was confirmed R. rickettsii by sequencing of the material (GenBank FJ356230). The molecular characterization of R. rickettsii in the tick R. sanguineus emphasizes the role of dogs as carriers of ticks from the environment to home. Moreover, this result suggests that there is a considerable chance for active participation of R. sanguineus as one of tick species in the transmission of R. ricketsii to human being in the Brazilian territory.


#5 - Alterações nos parâmetros hematológicos de Gallus gallus domesticus experimentalmente infectados por Borrelia anserina, p.527-532

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Lisbôa R.S., Guedes Júnior D.S., Silva F.J.M., Cunha N.C., Machado C.H. & Fonseca A.H. 2008. [Alterations in hematological parameters of Gallus gallus domesticus experimentally infected with Borrelia anserina.] Alterações nos parâmetros hematológicos de Gallus gallus domesticus experimentalmente infectados por Borrelia anserina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(10):527-532. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: raquellisboa@ufrrj.br Avian spirochaetosis is a cosmopolite acute septicemic disease of many avian species, caused by Borrelia anserina Sakharoff, 1891. The present study assesses the estimate of the hematological alterations of Gallus gallus domesticus experimentally infected with B. anserina by vector Argas (Persicargas) miniatus. Twenty-seven fowls of the species G. g. domesticus, 67 days old, were randomly allocated into three groups composed by nine animals each. One group was exposed to B. anserina infected ticks (Group 1), other one to ticks free of this agent (Group 2), and another group not exposed to ticks (Group 3). Blood smears of the fowls were taken daily, since the first day the fowls were exposed to the ticks, up to the 25th day after exposure (DAE). Blood samples were collected three days before exposure, and three, eight and 18 DAE, for hematologic tests. The examination of Group 1 smears revealed large number of spirochaetes. Group 2 and 3 blood smears were negative during the whole period under exam. In agreement with the hematological evaluation results, the fowls exposed to infected ticks showed a normocytic normochromic anemia in eight DAE, leucocytosis with heterophilia and monocytosis concomitant with the spirochaetemia. We concluded that B. anserina infection determined on fowls of Group 1 hematological alterations compatible with bacterial infection of moderate gravity, developing to self-cure, in the experimental conditions established in this study.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Lisbôa R.S., Guedes Júnior D.S., Silva F.J.M., Cunha N.C., Machado C.H. & Fonseca A.H. 2008. [Alterations in hematological parameters of Gallus gallus domesticus experimentally infected with Borrelia anserina.] Alterações nos parâmetros hematológicos de Gallus gallus domesticus experimentalmente infectados por Borrelia anserina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(10):527-532. Curso de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: raquellisboa@ufrrj.br Avian spirochaetosis is a cosmopolite acute septicemic disease of many avian species, caused by Borrelia anserina Sakharoff, 1891. The present study assesses the estimate of the hematological alterations of Gallus gallus domesticus experimentally infected with B. anserina by vector Argas (Persicargas) miniatus. Twenty-seven fowls of the species G. g. domesticus, 67 days old, were randomly allocated into three groups composed by nine animals each. One group was exposed to B. anserina infected ticks (Group 1), other one to ticks free of this agent (Group 2), and another group not exposed to ticks (Group 3). Blood smears of the fowls were taken daily, since the first day the fowls were exposed to the ticks, up to the 25th day after exposure (DAE). Blood samples were collected three days before exposure, and three, eight and 18 DAE, for hematologic tests. The examination of Group 1 smears revealed large number of spirochaetes. Group 2 and 3 blood smears were negative during the whole period under exam. In agreement with the hematological evaluation results, the fowls exposed to infected ticks showed a normocytic normochromic anemia in eight DAE, leucocytosis with heterophilia and monocytosis concomitant with the spirochaetemia. We concluded that B. anserina infection determined on fowls of Group 1 hematological alterations compatible with bacterial infection of moderate gravity, developing to self-cure, in the experimental conditions established in this study.


#6 - Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina in cattle in the "Norte Fluminense" mesoregion, 20(1):26-30

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Souza J.C.P., Soares C.O., Scofield A., Madruga C.R., Cunha N.C., Massard C.L. & Fonseca A.H. 2000. [Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina in cattle in the "Norte Fluminense" mesoregion.] Soroprevalência de Babesia bigemina em bovinos na mesorregião Norte Fluminense. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 20(1):26-30. Depto Parasitologia Animal, Univ. Fed. Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Km 47, Seropédica, R.J 23890-000, Brazil. Serumprevalence of antibodies against Babesia bigemina were evaluated by the indirect Enzyme-Linked lmmunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Sera samples from 532 bovines of nine municipalities in the "Norte Fluminense" mesoregion, Rio de Janeiro state, were analysed. The results showed that 371 (69.74%) were positive by indirect ELISA, of which 32.33% were with a titre of 1:500, 22.56% of 1:1000, 10.90% of 1:2000, 3.38% of l:4000, 0.38% of 1:8000, 0.19% of 1 :16000, and ,30.26% were negative. The prevalence analysis was done within three age groups: 1 to 3 years (n= 110), 3 to 6 years (n= 241) and > 6 years (n= 181), of which 73.64%, 69.30% and 67.95%were positive, respectively. According to the breed, 68.47% of beef cattle (n= 444) and 76.14% of dairy cattle (n= 88) were positive. Regarding the sex, 69.82% of the females (n = 497) and 68.57% of the males (n = 35) were positive. There were no significant differences between age groups, breeding types and sexes (P > 0.05). There were significant differences (P < 0.0001) between the prevalence in the municipalities. The infection by B. bigemina in this mesoregion is heterogeneous, and the seroprevalence showed that the region has to be considered enzootically unstable. The epidemiological situation requires serological identification of exposed animais at risk condition for the control of babesiosis.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Souza J.C.P., Soares C.O., Scofield A., Madruga C.R., Cunha N.C., Massard C.L. & Fonseca A.H. 2000. [Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina in cattle in the "Norte Fluminense" mesoregion.] Soroprevalência de Babesia bigemina em bovinos na mesorregião Norte Fluminense. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 20(1):26-30. Depto Parasitologia Animal, Univ. Fed. Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Km 47, Seropédica, R.J 23890-000, Brazil. Investigou-se a soroprevalência de anticorpos anti Babesia bigemina em bovinos de nove municípios na mesorregião Norte Fluminense, estado do Rio de Janeiro. Realizou-se o ensaio de imunoadsorção enzimática (ELISA) indireto em 532 amostras de soro de bovinos. A análise soroepidemiológica revelou que 371 (69,74%) foram reagentes positivos ao ELISA indireto, dos quais: 32,33% com título de 1:500, 22,56% com título de 1:1000, 10,90% com título de 1 :2000, 3,38% com título de 1 :4000, 0,38% com título de 1:8000, 0,19% com título de 1:16000 e 30,26% foram negativos. A análise da prevalência segundo a faixa etária foi realizada dividindo-se em três grupos etários: 1 a 3 anos (n = 110), 3 a6 anos (n= 241) e maiorque6 anos (n= 181), onde 73,64%, 69,30% e 67,95% dos animais foram positivos, respectivamente. Segundo a aptidão zootécnica 68,47% dos bovinos com aptidão para corte (n= 444) e 76,14% dos bovinos com aptidão para leite (n= 88) foram positivos. Em relação ao sexo, 69,82% das íemeas (n= 497) e 68,57% dos machos (n= 35) foram positivos. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos etários, entre as aptidões e entre os sexos (P>0,05). A prevalência entre os municípios diferiu significativamente (P<0,0001), demonstrando que a infecção por B. bigemina em bovinos não é homogênea na mesorregião. A soroprevalência encontrada caracteriza esta mesorregião como uma área de instabilidade enzoótica. Nesta circunstância epidemiológica justifica-se o controle da enfermidade com o acompanhamento sorológico para identificação dos animais expostos a condição de risco.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV