Resultado da pesquisa (4)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Munhoz A.D

#1 - Erythrocyte phenotyping for feline AB system in domestic cats from the Ilhéus-Itabuna microregion, Bahia, Brazil

Abstract in English:

This study aimed to determine the erythrocyte phenotypes of the feline AB system and to check the presence of antigens other than those present in the feline AB system in domestic cats from Ilhéus-Itabuna microregion, Bahia, Brazil. Three-hundred feline blood samples were collected at the Veterinary Hospital of the “Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz” (UESC) and in home visits to perform blood phenotyping using the tube-method testing. The reverse phenotyping was made between cats that tested phenotype B with blood samples of cats that tested phenotype A to confirm the blood phenotype B. The cross-tested among cats with phenotype A was made in order to verify the presence of different antigens of AB system in this blood phenotype. The results underwent macroscopic and microscopic analyses. Among the 300 animals tested, regarding breed, 290 were mixed-breed cats and among the remaining ten, five were Persians, four Siamese, and one Angora. 297 (99%) presented with phenotype A (including all the breeding cats) and three (1%) with phenotype B, and all this cats were mixed-breed cats. None (0%) of the cats showed the phenotype AB. All phenotype B bloods reacted to reverse phenotyping with phenotype A, confirming the phenotype B of these cats. All phenotype A bloods were compatible among each other, so no further erythrocyte antigens were detected through this test. The mother of one of the phenotype B cats was identified and had phenotype A, demonstrating phenotype A parents with phenotype B offspring. This finding indicates heterozygosis in the studied population. This data enable to conclude that the studied population presented different erythrocyte phenotypes, subsequently highlighting the importance of conducting phenotype analyses in these animals before performing blood transfusion to avoid serious hemolytic complications associated with incompatibility.

Abstract in Portuguese:

O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência dos fenótipos eritrocitários do sistema AB felino e verificar a presença de outros antígenos, não pertencentes ao sistema AB felino, em gatos domésticos das cidades de Ilhéus e Itabuna, Bahia, Brasil. Amostras de sangue de 300 gatos foram coletadas no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (UESC) e em visitas domiciliares para realizar a fenotipagem sanguínea usando o método de tubo. A fenotipagem reversa foi realizada em gatos que testaram o fenótipo B com amostras que testaram o fenótipo A, para confirmação do fenótipo sanguíneo. O teste cruzado foi realizado entre gatos do fenótipo A, para pesquisar a presença de diferentes antígenos do sistema AB dentro desse fenótipo sanguíneo. Os resultados foram submetidos a análises macroscópicas e microscópicas. Dos 300 animais testados, 110 eram machos e 190 fêmeas, e suas idades variaram de cinco meses à 15 anos. Sobre as raças, 290 eram gatos sem raça definida e dos 10 restantes, cinco eram Persas, quatro eram Siameses e um Angorá. 297 (99%) apresentaram fenótipo A (incluindo todos os gatos de raça) e três (1%) tiveram fenótipo B, sendo todos esses gatos sem raça definida. Nenhum (0%) dos gatos apresentou fenótipo AB. Todos os sangues com fenótipo B reagiram na fenotipagem reversa com o fenótipo A, confirmando o fenótipo B desses gatos. Todos os sangues com fenótipo A foram compatíveis entre si, portanto nenhum antígeno eritrocitário adicional foi detectado através deste teste. A genitora de um dos gatos com fenótipo B, foi encontrada e a mesma possuía fenótipo A, demonstrando pais com fenótipo A e cria com fenótipo B. Esse achado indica heterozigose na população estudada. Esses dados levam à conclusão de que diferentes fenótipos eritrocitários estão presentes na população estudada e destacam a importância da realização de testes fenotípicos nesses animais antes dos procedimentos de transfusão, a fim de evitar complicações hemolíticas graves decorrentes do envolvimento de animais incompatíveis.


#2 - Risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy cattle, State of Rio de Janeiro, 31(4):287-290

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Albuquerque G.R., Munhoz A.D., Teixeira M., Flausino W., Medeiros S.M. & Lopes C.W.G. 2011. Risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy cattle, State of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31(4):287-290. Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: lopescwg@ufrrj.br Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic zoonoses throughout the world. Infection in man and animals varies in different geographical areas influenced by many environmental conditions. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in cattle in Brazil ranges from 1.03 to 71%. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 58 out of 453 farms in the South Fluminense Paraiba Valley, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Over 3-year-old cattle (n=589) from dairy herds were selected for blood collection and detection of anti-T. gondii antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence reaction (IFA) with initial titration of 1:16; titers ³ 64 were considered positive. Univariate analysis of risk factors showed that cats in contact with cattle, cats in contact with drinking water, and number of cats were associated with T. gondii seroprevalence. Logistic regression revealed a two-fold increased risk for infection of cattle (p=0.0138) through larger number of cats (>3) compared with low numbers of cats (1-2) on the farm. In contrast, the presence of chickens was considered a protective factor (p=0.025).

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Albuquerque G.R., Munhoz A.D., Teixeira M., Flausino W., Medeiros S.M. & Lopes C.W.G. 2011. Risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy cattle, State of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31(4):287-290. Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: lopescwg@ufrrj.br Toxoplasmose é uma das mais comuns zoonoses parasitárias do mundo. Infecções em seres humanos e em animais variam nas diferentes áreas geográficas influenciadas pelas condições ambientais. A soroprevalência da infecção por Toxoplasma gondii em bovinos no Brasil varia de 1,03 a 71,0%. O estudo transversal foi realizado em 58 de um total de 453 propriedades na região Sul Fluminense do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Vacas leiteiras acima de 3 anos de idade (n=589) foram selecionadas para coleta de sangue e a detecção de anticorpos anti-T. gondii foi feita pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI) com titulação inicial de 1:16 e títulos ³ 64 foram considerados positivos. Após análise univariada dos fatores de risco, gatos em contato com bovinos, em contato com a água de beber dos animais e o número de gatos foram associados com a soroprevalência de T. gondii. A regressão logística demonstrou que o número maior de gatos (>3) teve um risco duas vezes maior (p=0,0138) que propriedades que tinham um número menor de gatos (1-2). Em contraste, a presença de galinhas foi considerada um fator de proteção (p=0,025).


#3 - Hematologic aspects of collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) in captivity, 31(2):173-177

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Almeida A.M.B., Nogueira-Filho S.L.G, Nogueira S.S.C. & Munhoz A.D. 2011. [Hematologic aspects of collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) in captivity.] Aspectos hematológicos de catetos (Tayassu tajacu) mantidos em cativeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31(2):173-177. Setor de Patologia Clínica Veterinária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, BR 16, Ilhéus, Bahia, BA 45650-000, Brazil. E-mail: munhoz@uesc.br The aim of the study was to determine the blood values for the Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) in captivity. Twenty-six collared peccary, being twenty-one adults (13 males and 8 females) and five young (3 males and 2 females) were maintained at the Experimental Farm of Almada and the Laboratory of Applied Ethology, belonging to the University Estadual of the Santa Cruz, Ilheus, Bahia, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from the cephalic vein to perform the complete blood count. Statistical analysis was performed using the Student’s t-test, with a significance level of 95%. There was no significant difference from animals maintained in stalls or pickets, however there was a higher value of total plasma protein in males (p<0,05). When comparing adult animals with young animals, we observed differences in the packed cell volume (p<0,05) and a reverse relationship between mature neutrophils/lymphocytes, with a predominance of mature neutrophils (46,8%) on lymphocytes (45%) for young animals. Regarding the measurement of the cells was observed similarity to that described for cows, cats and horses. These results could support new studies, as well as future interpretations in healthy or sick animals, with attention how to handle the management of animals, weather and especially the form of restraint and type of population in what these studies are conducted.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Almeida A.M.B., Nogueira-Filho S.L.G, Nogueira S.S.C. & Munhoz A.D. 2011. [Hematologic aspects of collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu) in captivity.] Aspectos hematológicos de catetos (Tayassu tajacu) mantidos em cativeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 31(2):173-177. Setor de Patologia Clínica Veterinária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, BR 16, Ilhéus, Bahia, BA 45650-000, Brazil. E-mail: munhoz@uesc.br Este estudo teve por objetivo determinar os valores hematológicos de Tayassu tajacu (catetos) mantidos em cativeiro. Foram utilizados 26 catetos, sendo 21 adultos (13 machos e 8 fêmeas) e 5 filhotes (três machos e duas fêmeas), mantidos na Fazenda Experimental do Almada e no Laboratório de Etologia Aplicada, pertencente à Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilheus, BA. Amostras de sangue foram colhidas, da veia cefálica, para realização dos hemogramas. A análise estatística foi obtida por meio do teste “t” de Student, com nível de significância de 95%. Na comparação entre os animais instalados em baias e piquetes não foi observada diferença significativa, no entanto observou-se um maior valor da proteína plasmática total nos machos (p<0,05). Ao se comparar animais adultos com jovens, observou-se diferença no valor do volume globular (p<0,05) e uma relação neutrófilo segmentado/linfócito inversa, com predomínio dos neutrófilos segmentados sobre os linfócitos nos animais jovens. Em relação à mensuração das células observou-se semelhança ao descrito para vacas, gato e cavalos. Estes resultados poderão subsidiar novos estudos, assim como futuras interpretações em animais hígidos ou doentes, com atenção às condições de manejo, clima e principalmente forma de contenção e tipo de população em que os estudos são realizados.


#4 - Neospora caninum seropositivity in cattle breeds in the South Fluminense Paraíba Valley, state of Rio de Janeiro, p.29-32

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Munhoz A.D., Pereira M.J.S., Flausino W. & Lopes C.W.G. 2009. Neospora caninum seropositivity in cattle breeds in the South Fluminense Paraíba Valley, state of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(1):29-32. Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: lopescwg@ufrrj.br The infection by Neospora caninum of different cattle breeds in dairy properties in two municipalities of the South Fluminense Paraíba Valley, state of Rio de Janeiro, was evaluated. Considering a sampling universe of 2,491 cows, blood samples were collected from 563 dairy cows in 57 farms, which were randomically selected in proportion to the number of animals, using a random stratified sampling system. For each property the number of selected cows was proportional to the herd size. Abortion or other reproductive disorders were not considered as criteria for selecting the animals, and seropositivity was determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A high association (p=0.006) between seropositivity and racial patterns was found. The analysis revealed that in comparison of pure black-and-white Holstein cows versus Zebu (p=0.0028), Holstein cows showed 2.65 times greater odds for seropositivity. In the same way, by comparing black-and-white Holstein versus Zebu + crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.01), it was noted that there is 2.23 times more chance for seropositivity in Holstein cattle. There were no significant differences concerning the comparison of Holstein cattle versus crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.08) or Zebu versus crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.11). This study supports the hypothesis that there is a close association between cattle breeds and the frequency of infection by N. caninum.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Munhoz A.D., Pereira M.J.S., Flausino W. & Lopes C.W.G. 2009. Neospora caninum seropositivity in cattle breeds in the South Fluminense Paraíba Valley, state of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(1):29-32. Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: lopescwg@ufrrj.br The infection by Neospora caninum of different cattle breeds in dairy properties in two municipalities of the South Fluminense Paraíba Valley, state of Rio de Janeiro, was evaluated. Considering a sampling universe of 2,491 cows, blood samples were collected from 563 dairy cows in 57 farms, which were randomically selected in proportion to the number of animals, using a random stratified sampling system. For each property the number of selected cows was proportional to the herd size. Abortion or other reproductive disorders were not considered as criteria for selecting the animals, and seropositivity was determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A high association (p=0.006) between seropositivity and racial patterns was found. The analysis revealed that in comparison of pure black-and-white Holstein cows versus Zebu (p=0.0028), Holstein cows showed 2.65 times greater odds for seropositivity. In the same way, by comparing black-and-white Holstein versus Zebu + crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.01), it was noted that there is 2.23 times more chance for seropositivity in Holstein cattle. There were no significant differences concerning the comparison of Holstein cattle versus crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.08) or Zebu versus crossbreed Zebu/Holstein (p=0.11). This study supports the hypothesis that there is a close association between cattle breeds and the frequency of infection by N. caninum.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV