Resultado da pesquisa (5)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Odriozola E

#1 - Current trends in bovine abortion in Argentina

Abstract in English:

Bovine abortion is an important cause of significant economic losses in beef and dairy herds. This syndrome is usually difficult to diagnose. The aim of this study was to characterize bovine abortion causes in Argentina by standard diagnosis procedures (histology, bacterial and viral isolation) and other diagnostic tests like direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT), fetal serology, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and PCR, showing their specific advantages and limitations. Necropsies were performed in 150 aborted bovine fetuses submitted to the diagnostic laboratories of Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) Balcarce, Argentina. Etiological diagnosis was confirmed in 78 fetuses (52% of the cases). Most causes of abortion were of infectious origin, being Neospora caninum (14.67%), Campylobacter fetus sp. (9.33%), Leptospira spp. (7.33%) and Brucella abortus (6.65%) the main microorganisms identified. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and bovine herpes virus (BHV) were diagnosed in 2 (1.33%) and 3 (2%) cases, respectively. This study showed a better characterization of bovine abortion compared with previous researches done on this topic.

Abstract in Portuguese:

O aborto bovino é uma causa importante de perdas econômicas significativas em rebanhos bovinos e leiteiros. Esta síndrome é geralmente difícil de diagnosticar. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o aborto bovino na Argentina por procedimentos diagnósticos de rotina (histologia, isolamento viral e bacteriana) e outros testes diagnósticos como ensaio directo de anticorpos fluorescentes (DFAT), sorologia fetal, imuno-histoquica (IHC), e PCR; mostrando suas vantagens e limitações específicas. As necropsias foram realizadas em 150 fetos bovinos abortados submetidos aos laboratórios de diagnóstico do Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuária (INTA) de Balcarce, na Argentina. O diagnóstico etiológico foi confirmado em 78 fetos (52% dos casos). A maioria das causas de aborto foram de origem infecciosa, sendo Neospora caninum (14,67%), Campylobacter fetus sp. (9,33%), Leptospira spp. (7,33%) e Brucella abortus (6,65%) os principais microrganismos identificados. O vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV) e o herpesvírus bovino (BHV) foram diagnosticados em 2 (1,33%) e 3 (2%) casos, respectivamente. Este estudo mostrou uma melhor caracterização do aborto bovino em comparação com pesquisas anteriores feita sobre este tema.


#2 - Retrospective analysis of cattle poisoning in Argentina (2000-2013), 37(3):210-214

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- García J.A., Cantón G.J., García B.L., Micheloud J.F., Campero C.M., Späth E.J.A. & Odriozola E.R. 2017. Retrospective analysis of cattle poisoning in Argentina (2000-2013). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(3):210-214. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (EEA), Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Ruta Nacional 226 Km 73,5, (7620) Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail: garciajuanagustin@hotmail.com A retrospective analysis (2000 to 2013) of cattle poisoning caused by toxic plants and other compounds was carried out in the Pampas region of Argentina by the Animal Health Group of INTA-EEA, Balcarce. During this period, 1263 reports of diseases of different etiologies (infectious, parasitic, toxic, metabolic and miscellaneous) were recorded in cattle, by collecting anamnestic, clinical and pathological information. A toxic etiology was diagnosed in 21.1% of these reports. Iatrogenic poisoning caused by ionophores was the most frequently recorded etiology. Consumption of toxic plants (Wedelia glauca, Solanum glaucophyllum, among others), mycotoxins (Claviceps purpurea, Claviceps paspali, Epichloë coenophiala, among others), and plants producing cyanide and nitrates/nitrites were also commonly diagnosed. The high frequency of toxic episodes and the difficulties in their diagnosis by practitioners in our livestock production systems emphasizes the importance of this report.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- García J.A., Cantón G.J., García B.L., Micheloud J.F., Campero C.M., Späth E.J.A. & Odriozola E.R. 2017. Retrospective analysis of cattle poisoning in Argentina (2000-2013). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(3):210-214. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (EEA), Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Ruta Nacional 226 Km 73,5, (7620) Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail: garciajuanagustin@hotmail.com A retrospective analysis (2000 to 2013) of cattle poisoning caused by toxic plants and other compounds was carried out in the Pampas region of Argentina by the Animal Health Group of INTA-EEA, Balcarce. During this period, 1263 reports of diseases of different etiologies (infectious, parasitic, toxic, metabolic and miscellaneous) were recorded in cattle, by collecting anamnestic, clinical and pathological information. A toxic etiology was diagnosed in 21.1% of these reports. Iatrogenic poisoning caused by ionophores was the most frequently recorded etiology. Consumption of toxic plants (Wedelia glauca, Solanum glaucophyllum, among others), mycotoxins (Claviceps purpurea, Claviceps paspali, Epichloë coenophiala, among others), and plants producing cyanide and nitrates/nitrites were also commonly diagnosed. The high frequency of toxic episodes and the difficulties in their diagnosis by practitioners in our livestock production systems emphasizes the importance of this report.


#3 - Atypical actinobacillosis in bulls in Argentina: granulomatous dermatitis and lymphadenitis, 33(1):1-4

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Margineda C.A., Odriozola E., Moreira A.R., Cantón G., Micheloud J.F., Gardey P., Spetter M. & Campero C.M. 2013. Atypical actinobacillosis in bulls in Argentina: granulomatous dermatitis and lymphadenitis. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 33(1):1-4. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce, Ruta 226 Km 73,5 (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: eodriozola@balcarce.inta.gov.ar Actinobacillosis is a common cause of sporadic infection in cattle. It was mostly characterized as a pyogranulomatous inflammation of the tongue, but also soft tissues as lymph nodes, other digestive tract localization and skin. The aim of this study was to describe an episode of granulomatous dermatitis and lymphadenitis affecting a bull herd in Argentina during 2010. Actinobacillus lignieresii was isolated from samples collected from one of the affected bulls, and characteristic lesions were observed. Lesions other than ‘wooden tongue’ are usually uncommon; however, actinobacillosis should be included as a differential diagnosis for cutaneous diseases.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Margineda C.A., Odriozola E., Moreira A.R., Cantón G., Micheloud J.F., Gardey P., Spetter M. & Campero C.M. 2013. Atypical actinobacillosis in bulls in Argentina: granulomatous dermatitis and lymphadenitis. [Actinobacilose atípica em touros na Argentina: dermatite granulomatosa e linfadenite.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 33(1):1-4. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce, Ruta 226 Km 73,5 (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: eodriozola@balcarce.inta.gov.ar A actinobacilose é causa comum de infecções esporádicas em bovinos. Esta afeção tem sido caracterizada como uma infecção piogranulomatosa não somente da língua como também de tecidos moles tais como linfonodos, ou outras localizações no trato digestivo e na pele. O objetivo do presente trabalho é descrever um episódio de dermatite piogranulomatosa e linfadenite que afetou um rebanho de touros na Argentina em 2010. As amostras recolhidas de um dos animais afetados permitiram o isolamento de Actinobacillus lignieresii. Observaram-se as lesões características da doença. Habitualmente não são comuns outras lesões para além das descritas como “língua de pau”, no entanto, a actinobacilose deve ser incluída como um possível diagnóstico diferencial de doenças cutâneas.


#4 - Acute and chronic nervous signs in cattle associated with Phalaris angusta poisoning in Argentina, 30(1):63-66

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Cantón G., Campero C., Villa M. & Odriozola E. 2010. Acute and chronic nervous signs in cattle associated with Phalaris angusta poisoning in Argentina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(1):63-66. INTA EEA Balcarce, CC 276, (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: gcanton@balcarce.inta.gov.ar Phalaris angusta is a South American natural grass that produces poisoning in sheep and cattle in Argentina and Brazil. Phalaris spp. can produce unrelated forms of poisoning in ruminants, acute and chronic syndromes. The objective of this paper was to describe an outbreak of acute and chronic Phalaris nervous syndrome in 53 of 980 fattening steers and heifers in a farm of Buenos Aires province. On September of 2006 the animals developed nervous signs and died after 3-5 days. The herd was removed to a phalaris-free pasture. Three months later (on December) 15 new clinical cases developed in the herd. Necropsy performed in one affected calf showed neither grossly nor microscopic changes. Microscopically, there were no major alterations in tissues. Nervous signs had been described in some field cases where neither pigment deposition nor axonal degeneration could be detected. Clinical findings displayed by affected cattle after consumption of Phalaris angusta pastures resemble those observed by other authors in Phalaris staggers. This is the first report in Argentina where both syndromes were seen in the same herd.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Cantón G., Campero C., Villa M. & Odriozola E. 2010. Acute and chronic nervous signs in cattle associated with Phalaris angusta poisoning in Argentina. [Sinais nervosos agudos e crônicos em bovinos na Argentina associados à intoxicação por Phalaris angusta.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(1):63-66. INTA EEA Balcarce, CC 276, (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: gcanton@balcarce.inta.gov.ar Phalaris angusta é uma gramínea originária da América do Sul, que causa intoxicação em ovinos e bovinos na Argentina e Brasil. A intoxicação pode ocasionar quadros nervosos agudos ou crônicos, independentes um do outro. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever ambos os quadros (agudo e crônico) da intoxicação por Phalaris em um rebanho de 980 garrotes em engorda na província de Buenos Aires. Em setembro de 2006, 53 animais desenvolveram sinais nervosos e morreram após um curso clínico de 3-5 dias. O rebanho foi trocado para uma pastagem sem Phalaris. Em dezembro, alguns animais apresentaram diarréia, depressão e perda progressiva de peso. Quando eram forçados a se movimentar, os sinais progrediam para incoordenação dos membros torácicos, impossibilidade de se manter em pé e decúbito lateral. Havia perda de peso e os animais morriam após um curso clínico de 5-7 dias. Não foram observadas lesões macroscópicas nem histológicas nos animais com as duas formas da doença. Os sinais clínicos observados são semelhantes aos observados em outros surtos de intoxicação aguda ou crônica por Phalaris angusta.


#5 - Facial paralysis and vestibular syndrome in feedlot cattle in Argentina, 29(11):894-898

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Odriozola E., Diab S., Khalloub P., Bengolea A., Lázaro L., Caffarena D., Pérez L., Cantón G. & Campero C. 2009. Facial paralysis and vestibular syndrome in feedlot cattle in Argentina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(11):894-898. INTA EEA Balcarce, CC 276, (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: eodriozola@balcarce.inta.gov.ar This paper reports 6 outbreaks of neurological disease associated with paralysis of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves caused by intracranial space occupying lesions in feedlot cattle. The clinical signs observed were characterized by head tilt, uni or bilateral drooping and paralysis of the ears, eyelid ptosis, keratoconjunctivitis, and different degrees of ataxia. Morbidity and mortality rates ranged from 1.1 to 50% and 0 to 1%, respectively. Gross lesions observed included yellow, thickened leptomeninges, and marked enlargement of the roots of cranial nerves VII (facial) and VIII (vestibulocochlear). Histopathologically, there was severe, chronic, granulomatous meningitis and, in one case, chronic, granulomatous neuritis of the VII and VIII cranial nerves. Attempts to identify bacterial, viral, or parasitic agents were unsuccessful. Based on the morphologic lesions, the clinical condition was diagnosed as facial paralysis and vestibular syndrome associated with space occupying lesions in the meninges and the cranial nerves VII and VIII. Feedlot is a practice of growing diffusion in our country and this is a first report of outbreaks of facial paralysis and vestibular disease associated with space occupying lesions in Argentina.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Odriozola E., Diab S., Khalloub P., Bengolea A., Lázaro L., Caffarena D., Pérez L., Cantón G. & Campero C. 2009. Facial paralysis and vestibular syndrome in feedlot cattle in Argentina. [Paralisia facial e síndrome vestibular de bovinos em confinamento.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(11):894-898. INTA EEA Balcarce, CC 276, (7620) Balcarce, Argentina. E-mail: eodriozola@balcarce.inta.gov.ar Descrevem-se 6 surtos de uma doença neurológica com paralisia dos nervos facial e vestibulo-coclear causada por lesões intracraniais que ocupam espaço em bovinos em confinamento. Os sinais clínicos foram desvio da cabeça, queda e paralisia das orelhas, ptose palpebral, ceratoconjuntivite e diferentes graus de ataxia. As taxas de morbidade e mortalidade foram de 1.1%-50% e de 0-1%, respectivamente. As lesões macroscópicas incluíram engrossamento das meninges, que se apresentavam amareladas, e marcado engrossamento das raízes dos nervos cranianos VII (facial) e VIII (vestíbulo-coclear). Histologicamente observaram-se meningite crônica granulomatosa e, em um caso, neurite granulomatosa crônica do VII e VIII pares cranianos. Cultivos para bactérias ou vírus resultaram negativos. De acordo com as lesões observadas o quadro clínico foi diagnosticado como paralisia facial e síndrome vestibular associadas a lesões que ocupam espaço nas meninges e nervos cranianos VII e VIII. O confinamento é uma prática em expansão na Argentina e este é o primeiro relato, neste país, de surtos de paralisia facial e síndrome vestibular associados com lesões que ocupam espaço.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV