Resultado da pesquisa (4)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Santos A.F

#1 - Differential diagnoses in 83 dogs with icterus

Abstract in English:

Icterus (jaundice) is a yellowish pigmentation resulting from the depositing of bilirubin in tissues due to its high plasmatic concentration. The pathogenesis of icterus includes metabolic changes or obstructed bilirubin excretion and it is classified as pre-hepatic, hepatic and post-hepatic. This study aimed to evaluate and classify different causes of icterus in dogs during post mortem examination. These dogs were examined from 2014 to 2017, using macroscopic and histologic exams as well as ancillary tests. Eighty-three dogs were examined macroscopically and microscopically. They were separated into groups of icterus types: 24 (28.9%) dogs had pre-hepatic icterus, 45 (54.2%) had hepatic, 13 (15.7%) pre-hepatic and hepatic and one (1.2%) had post-hepatic icterus. Many factors were identified as a cause of icterus, including infectious agents (51/83), neoplasms (13/83), hepatic degeneration (11/83), chronic hepatic diseases (6/83), and obstructive causes (1/87). Among the infectious causes, leptospirosis, ehrlichiosis and disorders suggestive of septicemia were diagnosed. Neoplasms associated with icterus were cholangiocarcinoma, hemangiosarcoma and lymphoma. Other causes of icterus included degenerative diseases, such as lipidosis and glycogen degeneration. Hepatic fibrosis (cirrhosis) as a chronic disease and cholelithiasis also produced icterus. PCR was performed to confirm leptospirosis and ehrlichiosis. Samples of total DNA were used to amplify a fragment of a gene from Leptospira interrogans and Ehrlichia canis. In some dogs, co-infection of these agents was detected. The classification and identification of icterus etiologies in dogs is very important due to the number of diseases with this alteration, where ante mortem diagnosis is not always easily performed when some of these conditions are present.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Icterícia é a pigmentação amarelada decorrente da deposição de bilirrubina em tecidos devido à elevada concentração plasmática. A patogênese da icterícia inclui alterações no metabolismo ou na excreção de bilirrubina, sendo classificada em pré-hepática, hepática ou pós-hepática. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar, avaliar e classificar as causas de icterícia em cães necropsiados de 2014 a 2017, associando as lesões macroscópicas, histológicas e exames complementares. Foram avaliados macro- e microscopicamente 83 cães com diferentes intensidades de icterícia. Os cães foram separados em grupos de acordo com o tipo de icterícia: 24 (28,9%) cães com icterícia pré-hepática, 45 (54,2%) cães com icterícia hepática, 13 (15,7%) com icterícia pré-hepática e hepática e um (1,2%) com icterícia pós-hepática. Foram identificadas várias etiologias associadas à icterícia, dentre elas pode-se destacar, agentes infecciosos (51/83), neoplasmas (13/83), processos degenerativos (11/83), crônicos (6/83) e obstrutivos (1/83). Dentre as causas infecciosas, destacam-se a leptospirose, a erliquiose e as lesões sugestivas de septicemia. Entre os neoplasmas associados com icterícia destacaram-se o colangiocarcinoma, hemangiossarcoma e linfoma. Outras causas de icterícia incluiriam os processos degenerativos como as degenerações gordurosa e glicogênica. Fibrose hepática (cirrose) e colelitíase foram também diagnosticados como causa de icterícia. A PCR foi utilizada para o diagnóstico confirmatório de leptospirose e erliquiose. Amostras de DNA total foram utilizadas para amplificar um fragmento dos genes de Leptospira interrogans e de Ehrlichia canis. Em alguns cães foi detectada co-infecção por estes agentes. A classificação e a identificação das causas de icterícia em cães são relevantes devido ao grande número de doenças que apresentam essa alteração, muitas vezes sem diagnóstico ante mortem.


#2 - Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella spp. serotypes in broiler chickens and carcasses in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Abstract in English:

The presence of Salmonella spp. in poultry products and their by-products is a major challenge for commercial production. Data about the prevalence, the circulating serotypes and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella spp. strains in the State of Rio de Janeiro are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect the presence of Salmonella spp. in live chickens and carcasses in slaughterhouses of the State of Rio de Janeiro, to identify the serotypes and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of these strains for fluoroquinolones and beta-lactams. Sixty cloacal swabs samples from broiler chickens and sixty samples of carcasses from six slaughterhouses under State Inspection were collected. The isolates were serotyped and resistance was tested to eight antimicrobials: enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, cephalothin, ceftiofur, cefotaxime, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and ampicillin by disc diffusion method. The results showed a prevalence of Salmonella spp. of 1.66% (1/60) in cloacal swabs samples and 26.66% (16/60) in carcasses. In cloacal swabs sample only Senftenberg (1.66%) serotype was isolated. In total, seven different serotypes were obtained from carcasses: Senftenberg (15%), followed by Mbandaka (8.3%), Schwarzengrund (3.3%), Cerro (3.3%), Ohio (3.3%), Minnesota (1.66%) and Tennessee (1.66%). Regarding antimicrobial susceptibility, 29 (87.87%) isolates were sensitive to all antimicrobials tested and 4 (12.12%) isolates were resistant to three or more beta-lactams antimicrobials. No susceptibility to fluoroquinolones was observed. These results showed a prevalence of Salmonella spp. higher than expected in slaughterhouses in the State of Rio de Janeiro, besides the presence of several serotypes of Salmonella spp. The resistance found for beta-lactams alerts to the spread of these strains through the food chain.

Abstract in Portuguese:

A presença de Salmonella spp. em produtos de origem avícola e seus subprodutos se mostra um grande desafio para a produção comercial. Dados de prevalência, dos sorotipos circulantes e do perfil de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana de cepas de Salmonella spp. no Estado do Rio de Janeiro são escassos. Portanto, objetivou-se detectar a presença Salmonella spp. em frangos vivos e carcaças em matadouros do Estados do Rio de Janeiro, identificar os sorotipos e avaliar a susceptibilidade antimicrobiana dessas cepas para fluoroquinolonas e betalactâmicos. Foram coletadas 60 amostras cloacais de frangos vivos e 60 amostras de carcaça de seis matadouros sob Inspeção Estadual (SIE). Os isolados foram sorotipificados e testados frente a oito antimicrobianos: enrofloxacina, ciprofloxacina, norfloxacina, cefalotina, ceftiofur, cefotaxima, amoxicilina/ácido clavulânico e ampicilina pelo método de difusão em disco. Os resultados mostraram uma prevalência de Salmonella spp. de 1,66% (1/60) em amostras de suabe de cloaca e de 26,66% (16/60) em carcaças. Em amostras de suabe de cloaca, somente o sorotipo Senftenberg (1,66%) foi isolado. No total, foram isolados sete sorotipos diferentes nas carcaças: Senftenberg (15%) o mais frequente, seguido por Mbandaka (8,3%), Schwarzengrund (3,3%), Cerro (3,3%), Ohio (3,3%), Minnesota (1,66%) e Tennessee (1,66%). Em relação à susceptibilidade antimicrobiana, 29 (87,87%) isolados foram sensíveis a todos os antimicrobianos testados e 4 (12,12%) isolados foram resistentes a pelo menos três antimicrobianos betalactâmicos ou mais. Não foi observada resistência às fluoroquinolonas. Os resultados encontrados demonstram uma prevalência de Salmonella spp. acima da esperada em matadouros do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, além da presença de vários sorotipos de Salmonella spp. A resistência encontrada para betalactâmicos alerta para a disseminação dessas cepas pela cadeia alimentar.


#3 - Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil, 36(10):957-964

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Palma J.M., Lisboa R.C., Rodrigues D.P., Santos A.F.M., Hofer E. & Santana A.P. 2016. [Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil.] Caracterização molecular de Listeria monocytogenes oriundas de cortes cárneos bovinos e de abatedouros frigoríficos de bovinos localizados no Distrito Federal, Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):957-964. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF 70910-900, Brazil. E-mail: joanamarchesini@gmail.com The aim of the study was the analysis of Listeria monocytogenes strains in beef samples as well as slaughterhouse environment, located in the Federal District, promote serotyping by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), perform antibiotic susceptibility and submit the strains to Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A total of 125 beef samples were analyzed, 45 samples of carcasses swabs and 43 swab samples. It detected 13 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 11 in beef samples. and 2 in slaughterhouse environment. No carcass swabs strains were isolated. Among the 13 strains of L. monocytogenes six strains of serotype 4b were found, five serotype 1/2c and two strains of serotype 1/2a. Among the 11 strains of L. monocytogenes found in beef, one (9.1%) strain showed resistance to erythromycin, one (9.1%) strain to gentamicin, one to ciprofloxacin (9.1%) and all strains (100%) were resistant to nalidixic acid. The two strains coming from the slaughterhouse drains, all (100%) were resistant to nalidixic acid and Sulfonamides. The analysis by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) showed 13 different pulsotypes; they were grouped into three different clonal groups, coincidentally correlated with the three different serotypes found, what suggests a widespread dissemination of these profiles in the Federal District, Brazil.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Palma J.M., Lisboa R.C., Rodrigues D.P., Santos A.F.M., Hofer E. & Santana A.P. 2016. [Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil.] Caracterização molecular de Listeria monocytogenes oriundas de cortes cárneos bovinos e de abatedouros frigoríficos de bovinos localizados no Distrito Federal, Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):957-964. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF 70910-900, Brazil. E-mail: joanamarchesini@gmail.com Este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar a detecção de cepas de Listeria monocytogenes de cortes cárneos bovinos bem como no ambiente de abatedouros frigoríficos localizados no Distrito Federal, promover a sorotipificação pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), realizar antibiograma e submeter às cepas à eletroforese de campo pulsado (Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis - PFGE). Foram analisados um total de 125 cortes cárneos bovinos, 45 amostras de swabs de carcaças e 43 amostras de swabs em que foram detectados 13 cepas de Listeria monocytogenes, sendo 11 em cortes cárneos bovinos e 2 swabs de ambiente em um abatedouro frigorifico. Não foram isoladas cepas de swabs de carcaça. Dentre as 13 cepas de Listeria monocytogenes foram encontradas seis cepas do sorotipo 4b, cinco do sorotipo 1/2c e duas cepas do sorotipo 1/2a. Dentre as 11 cepas de L. monocytogenes encontradas em cortes cárneos bovino, uma (9,1%) cepa apresentou resistência a eritromicina, outra (9,1%) cepa a gentamicina e outra a ciprofloxacina (9,1%) e todas as cepas (100%) apresentaram resistência ao Ác. Nalidíxico. Das duas (2) cepas oriundas de ralos de abatedouro frigorífico, todas (100%) apresentaram resistência ao Ác. Nalidíxico e a sulfonamidas. A análise por eletroforese de campo pulsante (PFGE) demonstrou 13 diferentes pulsotipos, em que foram agrupados em 3 diferentes grupos clonais, que coincidentemente se correlacionavam com os 3 diferentes sorotipos encontrados sugerindo uma ampla disseminação desses perfis no Distrito Federal.


#4 - Vibrio spp. isolados de mamíferos marinhos capturados na região litorânea do sudeste ao sul do Brasil, p.81-83

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Pereira C.S., Amorim S.D., Santos A.F.M., Siciliano S., Moreno I.M.B., Ott P.H. & Rodrigues D.P. 2007. [Vibrio spp. isolated from marine mammals captured in coastal regions from southwestern to southern Brazil.] Vibrio spp. isolados de mamíferos marinhos capturados na região litorânea do sudeste ao sul do Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 27(2):81-83. Laboratório de Enterobactérias, Departamento de Bacteriologia, Pavilhão Rocha Lima, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21045-900, Brazil. E-mail: csoarespereira@hotmail.com In the present investigation was evaluated the incidence of Vibrio spp. from superficial lesions at marine mammals beached or captured by fishing net in the southwestern (RJ) and southern (RS) coastal regions of Brazil. One hundred and ninety eight swabs were collected by DEENSP, GEMARS and Ceclimar institutes and sent to Labent/IOC/FIOCruz where the samples were submitted to enrichment in Alkaline Peptone Water (APW) added with 1% and 3% of sodium chloride (NaCl) incubated at 37oC for 18-24 hours. After the samples were streaked onto Thiossulfate Citrate Bile Sucrose Agar (TCBS), the suspected colonies were submitted to biochemical characterization. The results showed 108 strains, and Vibrio alginolyticus, V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus and V. fluvialis were the main pathogens isolated. These results appoint the importance of surveillance and microbiological monitoring accomplishment and reinforcement of environmental protective programs applied to marine mammals endangered with extinction.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Pereira C.S., Amorim S.D., Santos A.F.M., Siciliano S., Moreno I.M.B., Ott P.H. & Rodrigues D.P. 2007. [Vibrio spp. isolated from marine mammals captured in coastal regions from southwestern to southern Brazil.] Vibrio spp. isolados de mamíferos marinhos capturados na região litorânea do sudeste ao sul do Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 27(2):81-83. Laboratório de Enterobactérias, Departamento de Bacteriologia, Pavilhão Rocha Lima, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21045-900, Brazil. E-mail: csoarespereira@hotmail.com In the present investigation was evaluated the incidence of Vibrio spp. from superficial lesions at marine mammals beached or captured by fishing net in the southwestern (RJ) and southern (RS) coastal regions of Brazil. One hundred and ninety eight swabs were collected by DEENSP, GEMARS and Ceclimar institutes and sent to Labent/IOC/FIOCruz where the samples were submitted to enrichment in Alkaline Peptone Water (APW) added with 1% and 3% of sodium chloride (NaCl) incubated at 37oC for 18-24 hours. After the samples were streaked onto Thiossulfate Citrate Bile Sucrose Agar (TCBS), the suspected colonies were submitted to biochemical characterization. The results showed 108 strains, and Vibrio alginolyticus, V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus and V. fluvialis were the main pathogens isolated. These results appoint the importance of surveillance and microbiological monitoring accomplishment and reinforcement of environmental protective programs applied to marine mammals endangered with extinction.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV