Resultado da pesquisa (5)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Saut J.P.E

#1 - Risk factors associated with mammary tumors in female dogs

Abstract in English:

Mammary tumors in female dogs are the most frequent and corresponds to half of the canine tumors. The objectives of this study were to determine the risk factors associated with the occurrence of mammary tumors in female dogs and to evaluate the macroscopic characteristics of these neoformations, using 386 dogs from the “Outubro Rosa Pets” events done within the cities of Uberlândia and Patos de Minas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2015 (n=194), 2016 (n=105) and 2017 (n=87). For the determination of risk factors, the binary logistic regression test (P<0.05) was performed. The occurrence of mammary tumors was 23.6% (91/386). The significant risk factors identified were increased age (P<0.001), overweight (P=0.048) and non-castration (P<0.001) with a chance of, respectively, 1.6, 2.3 and 9.3 times for the development of mammary tumors. In dogs with mammary tumors (n=91), 153 lesions were present, of which 39 female dogs had two or more lesions (42.8%). Most of the lesions were at the caudal abdominal (M4) and inguinal (M5) mammary glands (60.13%, 92/153). Relative to the size of the lesions, it was observed that in 78% of the female dogs the lesions were determined asT1 (<3cm), 16.5% were T2 (3-5cm) and 5.5% T3 (>5cm). At least 15.4% (14/91) of the dogs had one of the regional lymph nodes increased. In conclusion, the occurrence of mammary tumors in the evaluated population was 23.6% and that age, overweight and non-realization of ovariohysterectomy are risk factors associated with the development of mammary tumors.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Em cadelas os tumores mamários são os mais frequentes e correspondem a aproximadamente metade dos tumores em cães. Este estudo teve os objetivos de determinar os fatores de risco envolvidos na ocorrência de tumores mamários em cadelas e avaliar as características macroscópicas destas neoformações, utilizando 386 cadelas do evento “Outubro Rosa Pets” nos municípios de Uberlândia e Patos de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brasil, em 2015 (n=194), 2016 (n=105) e 2017 (n=87). Para a determinação dos fatores de risco utilizou-se o teste de Regressão logística binária (P<0,05). A ocorrência de tumores mamários foi de 23,6% (91/386). Os fatores de risco significativos identificados foram aumento da idade (P<0,001), sobrepeso (P=0,048) e não-castração (P<0,001) com a chance de, respectivamente, 1,6, 2,3 e 9,3 vezes de desenvolvimento de tumores mamários. Nas cadelas com tumores mamários (n=91), constatou-se a presença de 153 lesões, sendo que 39 cadelas apresentaram duas ou mais lesões (42,8%). A maioria das lesões localizaram-se nas mamas abdominais caudais (M4) e inguinais (M5) (60,13%; 92/153). Em relação ao tamanho das lesões, observou-se que 78% das cadelas eram T1 (<3cm), 16,5% T2 (3-5cm) e 5,5% T3 (>5cm). Pelo menos 15,4% (14/91) das cadelas apresentaram um dos linfonodos regionais aumentados. Conclui-se que a ocorrência dos tumores mamários na população avaliada foi de 23,6% e que a idade, sobrepeso e não ovariohisterectomia são fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de tumores mamários.


#2 - Retained placenta and subclinical endometritis: prevalence and relation with reproductive performance of crossbred dairy cows

Abstract in English:

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of type of calving (eutocic vs. dystocic), season of the year (rainy vs. dry) on retained placenta (RP) and subclinical endometritis (SE) prevalence, to verify the relation between these diseases, as well as its effects on culling rate, days open and number of AI/conception. Retention of fetal membranes was recorded on first day postpartum. Endometrial cytology was performed between 30 and 80 days in milk (DIM) and positive cases were considered ≥5% neutrophils. Data were analysed by logistic regression and analysis of variance on Minitab program (P<0.05). The prevalence of RP was 14.93% (69/462) and of SE was 27.49% (127/462). A tendency of effect of RP on SE prevalence was detected (P=0.10). Dystocia increased RP prevalence (P<0.05). Cows that calved during rainy months had greater SE prevalence (P<0.05). RP increased culling rate (P<0.05), calving to conception interval (P<0.05) and number of AI/conception (P<0.05), although SE occurrence did not affect these variables (P>0.05). In conclusion, RP tended to be a risk factor for SE, dystocia is a predisposing factor for RP and calvings that happens during rainy period increases SE. There is a negative impact on reproductive efficiency of crossbred dairy cows that had retained placenta.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos do tipo de parto (eutócico vs. distócico) e do período do ano (chuvoso vs. seco) sobre a prevalência de retenção de placenta (RP) e de endometrite subclínica (ES), verificar a relação entre as duas patologias, e os efeitos dessas sobre a taxa de descarte, o período de serviço (PS) e número de IA/concepção. A RP foi avaliada no primeiro dia pós-parto (DPP). A citologia endometrial foi realizada entre 30 e 80 DPP, considerando positivos casos contendo acima de 5% de neutrófilos. Os dados foram analisados por regressão logística e análise de variância no programa Minitab (P<0,05). A prevalência de RP foi de 14,93% (69/462) e de ES de 27,49% (127/462). Foi detectada tendência de efeito (P=0,10) da RP sobre a prevalência da ES. Partos distócicos aumentaram a prevalência de RP e vacas que pariram nos meses chuvosos tiveram maior prevalência de ES (P<0,05). A RP elevou a taxa de descarte (P<0,05), a duração do período de serviço (P<0,05) e o número de IA por concepção (P<0,05), enquanto a ES não afetou essas variáveis (P>0,05). Conclui-se que a retenção de placenta tende a ser um fator de risco para endometrite subclínica, distocia predispõe à retenção de placenta e partos ocorridos no período chuvoso aumentam os casos de endometrite subclínica. Há um impacto negativo na eficiência reprodutiva de vacas leiteiras mestiças acometidas por retenção de placenta.


#3 - Metabolic profile of clinically healthy Jersey cows, 37(2):195-203

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Alvarenga P.B., Rezende A.L., Justo F.B., Rezende S.R., Cesar J.C.G., Santos, R.M., Mundim A.V. & Saut J.P.E. 2017. [Metabolic profile of clinically healthy Jersey cows.] Perfil metabólico de vacas Jersey clinicamente saudáveis. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(2):195-203. Laboratório de Saúde em Grandes Animais, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Av. Pará 1720, Bloco 2T, Campus Umuarama, Bairro Umuarama, Uberlândia, MG 38400-902, Brazil. E-mail: jpsaut@ufu.br The understanding of animal metabolism is important for the success of livestock activity. The aim of this study was to determine the serum biochemical profile of clinically healthy Jersey cows in pre and postpartum, housed in semi-intensive production system in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Clinical examination and blood collection from 40 multiparous lactating dairy cows, between -150 days prepartum up to 60 days postpartum (DPP) were performed. At the laboratory, serum parameters of total proteins, albumin, globulins, urea, creatinine, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), &#946;-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), creatine kinase (CK), calcium, phosphorus and magnesium were analyzed. To the total of cows (n=40) enrolled, only 21 cows were complied with the inclusion criterias. It was proceeded the Tukey test for parametric data, and to the nonparametric data it was held the Kruskal Wallis test for the comparison between days evaluated. There was no interference of negative energy balance and subclinical hypocalcemia in the occurrence of uterine diseases and reproductive performance. In conclusion, Jersey cows have biochemical profile characterized by hyperglobulinemia during peripartum, and high levels of triglycerides, but without impaired liver function and reproductive performance.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Alvarenga P.B., Rezende A.L., Justo F.B., Rezende S.R., Cesar J.C.G., Santos, R.M., Mundim A.V. & Saut J.P.E. 2017. [Metabolic profile of clinically healthy Jersey cows.] Perfil metabólico de vacas Jersey clinicamente saudáveis. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(2):195-203. Laboratório de Saúde em Grandes Animais, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Av. Pará 1720, Bloco 2T, Campus Umuarama, Bairro Umuarama, Uberlândia, MG 38400-902, Brazil. E-mail: jpsaut@ufu.br O conhecimento do metabolismo dos animais é de suma importância para se obter sucesso em qualquer atividade que envolva rebanhos. Objetivou-se determinar o perfil bioquímico sérico de vacas Jersey clinicamente saudáveis no pré e pós-parto, mantidas em sistema de criação semi-intensivo na região de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Realizou-se o exame clínico e coleta de sangue de 40 vacas da raça Jersey multíparas e lactantes em 15 momentos, entre -150 dias pré-parto até 60 dias pós-parto (DPP). No laboratório, foram analisadas as concentrações séricas de proteínas totais, albumina, globulinas, ureia, creatinina, ácidos graxos não esterificados (NEFA), &#946;-hidroxibutirato (BHBA), triglicerídeos, colesterol, lipoproteínas de alta densidade (HDL), lipoproteínas de muita baixa densidade (VLDL), lipoproteínas de baixa densi­dade (LDL), aspartato aminotransferase (AST), gama-glutamil transferase (GGT), creatina quinase (CK), cálcio, fósforo e magnésio. Dos 40 animais, apenas 21 vacas atenderam aos critérios de inclusão e seus dados foram utilizados. Procedeu-se o teste de Tukey para os dados paramétricos e para os dados não paramétricos realizou-se o teste de Kruskal Wallis na comparação entre os momentos avaliados. Não houve interferência do balanço energético negativo e da hipocalcemia subclínica na ocorrência de doenças uterinas e no desempenho reprodutivo. Concluiu-se que vacas da raça Jersey apresentam perfil bioquímico caracterizado por hiperglobulinemia durante o periparto, além de níveis elevados de triglicérides, entretanto, sem comprometimento da função hepática e desempenho reprodutivo.


#4 - Metabolic profile in crossbred dairy cows with low body condition score in the peripartum period, 34(4):362-368

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Oliveira R.S.B.R., Moura A.R.F., Pádua M.F.S., Barbon I.M., Silva M.E.M., Santos R.M., Mundim A.V. & Saut J.P.E. 2014. [Metabolic profile in crossbred dairy cows with low body condition score in the peripartum period.] Perfil metabólico de vacas mestiças leiteiras com baixo escore de condição corporal no periparto. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 34(4):362-368. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG 38400-902, Brazil. E-mail: jpsaut@famev.ufu.br The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic profile of protein, energy and enzyme in crossbred dairy cows with low body condition score (BCS) in the peripartum period. Blood samples were collected from 36 animals with 2.6±0.5 BCS, eutocia, physiological postpartum and without any treatment, on following days: one week before calving, calving and 7, 14, 21, 28 and 43 days in milk (DIM). It was evaluated serum total protein, albumin and globulins for protein profile; AST, ALT, GGT and alkaline phosphatase for mineral profile; nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), b-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), triglycerides, cholesterol and lipoproteins (VLDL, HDL and LDL) for energy profile. Crossbred dairy cows had hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocholesterolemia and increased that both enzymes AST and GGT at the precalving. There were lipolysis and hypoglobulinemia at parturition. It was concluded that crossbred dairy cows with low BCS have negative energy balance, hypoproteinemia with hypoalbuminemia and hepatic injury in the peripartum. This condition is restored at 30 DIM, but there is no recovery of the body condition by the end of puerperium.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Oliveira R.S.B.R., Moura A.R.F., Pádua M.F.S., Barbon I.M., Silva M.E.M., Santos R.M., Mundim A.V. & Saut J.P.E. 2014. [Metabolic profile in crossbred dairy cows with low body condition score in the peripartum period.] Perfil metabólico de vacas mestiças leiteiras com baixo escore de condição corporal no periparto. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 34(4):362-368. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG 38400-902, Brazil. E-mail: jpsaut@famev.ufu.br Objetivou-se avaliar o perfil metabólico energético, proteico e enzimático de vacas mestiças leiteiras com baixo escore de condição corporal (ECC) no periparto. Foram colhidas amostras sanguíneas uma semana antes do parto, no dia do parto, e aos sete, 14, 21, 28 e 43 dias pós-parto (DPP) de 36 animais, com média de ECC de 2,6±0,5, com eutocia e pós-parto fisiológico e sem tratamentos nesta fase. Analisaram-se as concentrações séricas de proteínas totais, albumina e globulinas para o perfil protéico; AST, ALT, GGT e fosfatase alcalina para o perfil enzimático; ácidos graxos não-esterificados (NEFA), b-hidroxibutirato (BHBA), triglicerídeos, colesterol e lipoproteínas (VLDL, HDL e LDL) para o perfil energético. As vacas apresentaram no pré-parto hipoproteinemia, hipoalbuminemia, hipocolesterolemia e aumento das enzimas GGT e AST. No dia do parto houve lipólise e hipoglobulinemia. Concluiu-se que vacas mestiças leiteiras com baixo ECC apresentam balanço energético negativo, hipoproteinemia com hipoalbuminemia e lesão hepática no periparto, com restabelecimento aos 30 DPP, mas não recuperam sua condição corporal até o final do puerpério.


#5 - Denervação acetabular cranial e dorsal no tratamento da displasia coxofemoral em cães: 360 dias de evolução de 97 casos, p.333-340

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Ferrigno C.R.A., Schmaedecke A., Oliveira L.M., D’Avila R.S., Yamamoto E.Y. & Saut J.P.E. 2007. [Cranial and dorsal acetabular denervation technique in treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs: 360 days evaluation of 97 cases.] Denervação acetabular cranial e dorsal no tratamento da displasia coxofemoral em cães: 360 dias de evolução de 97 casos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(8):333-340. Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil. E-mail: cassioaf@usp.br The aim was to evaluate the clinical results of cranial and dorsal acetabular denervation using curettage in dysplastic dogs. Ninty seven dogs without distinction of breed and sex, 1 to 7 years of age, were analyzed for diagnosis and treatment of hip dysplasia, based on physical examination, clinical signs and radiographic findings. For evaluation of results of the surgical denervation technique, clinical examinations were performed preoperatively (initial exam) and postoperatively at days 2, 7, 14, 21, 30, 60 180 and 360. All animals were evaluated for lameness, pain to movement and touch, muscular atrophy degree, pain sensivity to Ortolani’s test and assessment of life quality. The surgical denervation procedure decreases lameness, pain to movement and touch after 2 days of procedure, decreases muscular atrophy after 60 days of procedure, and improves quality of life from the owner’s and veterinarian’s point of view even after 1 year of the treatment. Dorsal acetabular denervation is a feasible surgical technique in treatment of pain secondary to hip dysplasia in dogs, with significant decrease of pain after 2 days of treatment, improvement of quality of life, decrease of lameness, and consequently joyful animals and owners extremely satisfied with the results obtained by the proposed treatment. The surgical technique must include the curettage of nerve fibers from the cranial-dorsal and dorsal region of the acetabular periosteum.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Ferrigno C.R.A., Schmaedecke A., Oliveira L.M., D’Avila R.S., Yamamoto E.Y. & Saut J.P.E. 2007. [Cranial and dorsal acetabular denervation technique in treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs: 360 days evaluation of 97 cases.] Denervação acetabular cranial e dorsal no tratamento da displasia coxofemoral em cães: 360 dias de evolução de 97 casos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(8):333-340. Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil. E-mail: cassioaf@usp.br The aim was to evaluate the clinical results of cranial and dorsal acetabular denervation using curettage in dysplastic dogs. Ninty seven dogs without distinction of breed and sex, 1 to 7 years of age, were analyzed for diagnosis and treatment of hip dysplasia, based on physical examination, clinical signs and radiographic findings. For evaluation of results of the surgical denervation technique, clinical examinations were performed preoperatively (initial exam) and postoperatively at days 2, 7, 14, 21, 30, 60 180 and 360. All animals were evaluated for lameness, pain to movement and touch, muscular atrophy degree, pain sensivity to Ortolani’s test and assessment of life quality. The surgical denervation procedure decreases lameness, pain to movement and touch after 2 days of procedure, decreases muscular atrophy after 60 days of procedure, and improves quality of life from the owner’s and veterinarian’s point of view even after 1 year of the treatment. Dorsal acetabular denervation is a feasible surgical technique in treatment of pain secondary to hip dysplasia in dogs, with significant decrease of pain after 2 days of treatment, improvement of quality of life, decrease of lameness, and consequently joyful animals and owners extremely satisfied with the results obtained by the proposed treatment. The surgical technique must include the curettage of nerve fibers from the cranial-dorsal and dorsal region of the acetabular periosteum.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV