Resultado da pesquisa (2)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Taketomi E.A

#1 - IgA production, coliforms analysis and intestinal mucosa morphology of piglets that received probiotics with viable or inactivated cells, p.241-245

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Rodrigues M.A.M., Oliveira D.A., Taketomi E.A. & Hernandez-Blazquez F.J. 2007. IgA production, coliforms analysis and intestinal mucosa morphology of piglets that received probiotics with viable or inactivated cells. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 27(6):241-245. Departamento de Cirurgia, Setor de Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil. Email: fjhblazq@usp.br Two types of probiotics were used in piglets. One product is a mixed culture of viable Lactobacillus acidophilus, Enterococcus faecium e Bifidobacterium bifidum. The second product is composed of inactivated Lactobacillus acidophilus cells. The piglets received two weekly oral doses for 30 days while a control group did not receive probiotics. All piglets were euthanized at the 30th day of life and the mesenteric lymph nodes, the small intestine, and blood samples were collected. The tissue samples were studied by light microscopy and the blood serum was analyzed by ELISA method. The treatment with the probiotic with viable cells produced higher serum levels of IgA (P<0.05) and more IgA expressing cells were found in the mesenteric lymph nodes than observed in the inactivated cells treatment or control groups (P<0.05). Also, intestinal villi were longer, crypts were deeper (P<0.05) and fecal coliform count was lower than found in the inactivated product (P<0.05). These results suggest that viable probiotics are more efficient than inactivated probiotics to induce immunostimulation and intestinal modifications in piglets, thus improving their health and development.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Rodrigues M.A.M., Oliveira D.A., Taketomi E.A. & Hernandez-Blazquez F.J. 2007. IgA production, coliforms analysis and intestinal mucosa morphology of piglets that received probiotics with viable or inactivated cells. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 27(6):241-245. Departamento de Cirurgia, Setor de Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil. Email: fjhblazq@usp.br Two types of probiotics were used in piglets. One product is a mixed culture of viable Lactobacillus acidophilus, Enterococcus faecium e Bifidobacterium bifidum. The second product is composed of inactivated Lactobacillus acidophilus cells. The piglets received two weekly oral doses for 30 days while a control group did not receive probiotics. All piglets were euthanized at the 30th day of life and the mesenteric lymph nodes, the small intestine, and blood samples were collected. The tissue samples were studied by light microscopy and the blood serum was analyzed by ELISA method. The treatment with the probiotic with viable cells produced higher serum levels of IgA (P<0.05) and more IgA expressing cells were found in the mesenteric lymph nodes than observed in the inactivated cells treatment or control groups (P<0.05). Also, intestinal villi were longer, crypts were deeper (P<0.05) and fecal coliform count was lower than found in the inactivated product (P<0.05). These results suggest that viable probiotics are more efficient than inactivated probiotics to induce immunostimulation and intestinal modifications in piglets, thus improving their health and development.


#2 - Experimental type C botulism in goats

Abstract in English:

The present paper describes the subcutaneous inoculation of goats with botulinum toxin type C to determine the doses required to cause various clinical signs, and to evaluate the bioassay as a means of laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis of botulism. Serial double dilutions in doses ranging from 15.6 to 500 DL50/kg were administered to 6 goats. The animals were checked daily to observe development of characteristic signs. Blood and liver samples were collected to detect the toxin by bioassay in mice. Doses of 500 and 250 DL50/kg induced acute botulism, death occurring between 42 and 46 hours post-inoculation, but the toxin was only detected in serum samples taken from the goat which received the larger dose. Animals inoculated with doses of 125, 62.5 and 31.3 DL50/kg developed the sub-acute forro, but the toxin could not be detected in their blood serum. The chronic forro of botulism was observed in those which received 15.6 DL50/kg doses and the toxin could not be demonstrated either in their serum samples. The results confinn that goats are highly susceptible to botulinum type C toxin and that these animals develop the sarne clinical signs as seen in bovines.

Abstract in Portuguese:

O objetivo do presente trabalho foi reproduzir o botulismo em caprinos, induzido pela toxina tipo C e determinar as doses para desenvolver as diferentes formas clínicas, bem como para avaliar a eficácia do bioensaio em camundongos. Foram utilizados 6 caprinos, inoculados por via subcutânea com a toxina tipo C, em doses de 500 a 15,6 DL50/kg de peso vivo, em diluições duplas seriadas. Os animais foram observados quanto ao desenvolvimento de sintomatologia característica de botulismo e amostras de soro sanguíneo e fígado foram coletadas para pesquisa da toxina pelo bioensaio em camundongos. As doses de 500 e 250 DL50/kg induziram quadro agudo de botulismo evoluindo para a morte entre 42 e 46 horas pós-inoculação. A toxina foi detectada somente no soro do animal que recebeu a dose de 500 DL50/kg. Os animais que receberam as doses de 125, 62,5 e 31,3 DL50/kg desenvolveram quadro subagudo da doença, não sendo detectado a toxina nas amostras analisadas. Observou-se quadro crônico de botulismo no animal inoculado com a dose de 15,6 DL50/kg, não se constatando a presença da toxina no soro. Os resultados confirmaram a alta susceptibilidade dos caprinos à toxina botulínica tipo C, que apresentaram quadros clínicos semelhantes aos observados em bovinos.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV