Resultado da pesquisa (2)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Traesel C.K

#1 - Identification and characterization of pestiviruses isolated from individual fetal bovine serum samples originated in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

Abstract in English:

The identification of diversity of bovine pestiviruses circulating in the field is fundamental for continuous evaluation of diagnostic tests and vaccine composition. In this article we performed the genetic and antigenic characterization of twelve bovine pestiviruses isolated in the western region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The viruses were isolated from sera of bovine fetuses or from animals with clinical presentations suggestive of pestivirus infection. Genetic characterization by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the 5’UTR region of the viral genome allowed for the identification of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV-1a, 4/12, 33.3%), BVDV-1b (6/12, 50%) and BVDV-2 (2/12, 16.7%). The reactivity of the isolates with a panel of monoclonal antibodies raised against envelope proteins (Erns, E1 and E2) demonstrated a high antigenic variability among isolates. Thus, the active circulation of bovine pestivirus infection, with high genetic and antigenic variability, in cattle on the western border of RS was confirmed, demonstrating the importance of continuous characterization of the pestiviruses circulating in the cattle herds to keep the diagnostic and control measures up to date.

Abstract in Portuguese:

A identificação da diversidade de pestivírus bovinos que circulam no campo é fundamental para a avaliação contínua dos testes de diagnóstico e composição de vacina. Neste artigo, realizamos a caracterização genética e antigênica de doze pestivírus bovinos isolados na região oeste do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os vírus foram isolados de soros de fetos bovinos ou de animais com apresentações clínicas sugestivas de infecção por pestivírus. A caracterização genética por sequenciamento e análise filogenética da região 5’UTR do genoma viral permitiu a identificação do vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV-1a, 4/12, 33,3%), BVDV-1b (6/12, 50%) e BVDV-2 (2/12, 16,7%). A reatividade dos isolados com um painel de anticorpos monoclonais criados contra proteínas do envelope (Erns, E1 e E2) demonstrou uma alta variabilidade antigênica entre os isolados. Assim, confirmou-se a circulação ativa da infecção por pestivírus bovino, com alta variabilidade genética e antigênica, em bovinos na fronteira oeste do RS, demonstrando a importância da contínua caracterização dos pestivírus circulantes em bovinos para manter atualizadas as medidas de diagnóstico e controle.


#2 - Effects of Foscarnet on the infection by bovine herpesviruses 1 and 5 in rabbits, 30(8):623-630

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Dezengrini R., Silva S.C., Weiss M., Oliveira M.S., Traesel C.K., Weiblen R. & Flores E.F. 2010. [Effects of Foscarnet on the infection by bovine herpesviruses 1 and 5 in rabbits.] Efeitos do Foscarnet sobre a infecção pelos herpesvírus bovino tipos 1 e 5 em coelhos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(8):623-630. Setor de Virologia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Av, Roraima 1000, Camobi, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil. E-mail: eduardofurtadoflores@gmail.com The activity of Foscarnet (PFA) against three bovine herpesviruses (BoHVs) was previously demonstrated in cell culture. Herein we evaluated the effects of PFA on the infection and disease by BoHV-1 and BoHV-5 in a rabbit model. Rabbits inoculated with BoHV-5 in the conjunctival sac (IC) and treated with PFA (100 mg/kg/day) from day 1 to 17 post-inoculation (pi) shed less virus between days 2 and 6 pi comparing to untreated controls; this difference was significant at day 3 pi [F(9,108) = 2,23; P<0.03]. The morbidity and mortality rates of rabbits inoculated with BoHV-5 IC or intranasally (IN) were also significantly reduced in PFA-treated rabbits (50%; 11/22) comparing to untreated controls (95.4%; 21/22) (P<0.0008). In rabbits inoculated IC with BoHV-1, a reduction in virus shedding was observed in PFA-treated animals between days 1 and 4 pi; 6 and 7 pi. In addition, PFA-treated rabbits presented a longer incubation period and a shorter clinical course comparing to untreated controls (P<0.005 and P<0.04, respectively). The frequency and severity of ocular signs were also reduced in the PFA-treated group. These results demonstrate that PFA is effective against BoHV-1 and BoHV-5 in vivo and open the way towards its use in experimental therapy of herpetic infections in domestic animals.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Dezengrini R., Silva S.C., Weiss M., Oliveira M.S., Traesel C.K., Weiblen R. & Flores E.F. 2010. [Effects of Foscarnet on the infection by bovine herpesviruses 1 and 5 in rabbits.] Efeitos do Foscarnet sobre a infecção pelos herpesvírus bovino tipos 1 e 5 em coelhos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(8):623-630. Setor de Virologia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Av, Roraima 1000, Camobi, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil. E-mail: eduardofurtadoflores@gmail.com


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV