Resultado da pesquisa (4)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa animal model

#1 - Ganciclovir attenuates the respiratory disease induced by Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 in rabbits

Abstract in English:

Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is an important pathogen of horses, associated with respiratory, neurological disease and abortions. As vaccination is not always effective, anti‑herpetic therapy may represent an alternative to prevent the losses caused by the infection. We herein investigated the activity of ganciclovir (GCV), an anti-herpetic human drug, in rabbits experimentally infected with EHV-1. Thirty-days-old New Zealand rabbits were allocated in three groups (6 animals each) and submitted to different treatments: G1 (non-infected controls), G2 (inoculated with EHV-1) - 107 TCID50 intranasally - IN) and G3 (inoculated IN with EHV-1 and treated with GCV - 5mg/kg/day for 7 days) and monitored thereafter. All animals of G2 developed systemic signs (moderate to severe apathy, anorexia), ocular discharge and respiratory signs (serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge), including mild to severe respiratory distress. Viremia was detected in all rabbits of G2 for up to 11 days (mean duration = 6.5 days). One animal died after severe respiratory distress and neurological signs (bruxism, opistotonus). In addition, these animals gained less weight than the control (G1) and GCV-treated rabbits (G3) from days 4 to 14pi (p<0.05). The clinical score of rabbits of G2 was statistically higher than the other groups from days 3 to 6pi (p<0.05), demonstrating a more severe disease. In contrast, G3 rabbits did not present systemic signs, presented only a mild and transient nasal secretion and gained more weight than G2 animals (p<0.05). In addition, viremia was detected in only 3 rabbits and was transient (average of 2.3 days). Thus, administration of GCV to rabbits inoculated IN with EHV-1 resulted in an important attenuation of the clinical disease as demonstrated by full prevention of systemic signs, maintenance of weight gain and by drastic reduction in viremia and in the magnitude of respiratory signs. These results are promising towards further testing of GCV as a potential drug for anti-herpetic therapy in horses.

Abstract in Portuguese:

O alfaherpesvírus equino 1 (EHV-1) é um importante patógeno de equinos, associado com doença respiratória, neurológica e abortos. Como a vacinação nem sempre é eficaz, a terapia anti-herpética pode representar uma alternativa para prevenir as perdas causadas pela infecção. Para tal, investigou-se a atividade do ganciclovir (GCV), uma droga anti-herpética de uso humano, em coelhos infectados experimentalmente com o EHV-1. Coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia com 30 dias de idade foram alocados em três grupos (6 animais cada) e submetidos a diferentes tratamentos: G1 (controles não infectados), G2 (inoculados com o EHV-1) - 107 TCID50 intranasal - IN) e G3 (inoculados IN com o EHV-1 e tratados com GCV - 5mg/kg/dia por 7 dias), e monitorados posteriormente. Todos os animais do G2 desenvolveram sinais sistêmicos (apatia moderada a grave, anorexia), secreção ocular e sinais respiratórios (secreção nasal serosa a mucopurulenta), incluindo dificuldade respiratória leve a grave. Viremia foi detectada em todos os coelhos do G2 por até 11 dias (duração média = 6,5 dias). Um animal morreu após dificuldade respiratória grave e sinais neurológicos (bruxismo, opistótono). Além disso, esses animais ganharam menos peso que os coelhos controle (G1) e tratados com GCV (G3) entre os dias 4 e 14pi (p<0,05). O escore clínico de coelhos do G2 foi estatisticamente maior que os demais grupos dos dias 3 a 6pi (p<0,05), demonstrando uma doença mais grave. Em contraste, os coelhos do G3 não apresentaram sinais sistêmicos, apresentaram apenas secreção nasal leve e transiente e ganharam mais peso que os animais do G2 (p<0,05). Além disso, a viremia foi detectada em apenas 3 coelhos e foi transitória (média de 2,3 dias). Assim, a administração de GCV a coelhos inoculados com EHV-1 resultou em uma importante atenuação da doença clínica, como demonstrado pela prevenção completa de sinais sistêmicos, manutenção do ganho de peso e pela redução drástica da viremia e da magnitude dos sinais respiratórios. Estes resultados são promissores para testes adicionais com o GCV para potencial terapêutico anti-herpética em equinos.


#2 - Subplacental development in Galea spixii

Abstract in English:

Animal models are essential to understand healthy human placentation. Guinea pig related rodents became on focus for such purposes. In particular, processes of trophoblast invasion are similar. The latter is associated with a specialized area, the subplacenta. Since previous results showed differences between the guinea pig and its close relative Galea spixii, we aimed to study subplacental development with more detail. We investigated 16 pregnant females of 14 to 55 days of gestation by means of histology, morphometrics, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. The overlap between the fetomaternal blood systems resulted as intimate, suggesting some exchange processes. Proliferation was revealed by three independent methods, being most active in early and mid-gestation, which was in accordance to former results. Though degeneration of tissues took place, the subplacenta was maintained towards term with access to the fetal vascularization, supporting a hypothesis about the release of substances to the fetal unit in advanced gestation. In contrast to other species, the extraplacental trophoblast showed a shift from syncytial streamers to giant cells during mid-gestation. Views on placentation in caviomorphs were influenced by the guinea pig, but our data supported recent studies that the subplacenta had a much greater placidity. In regard to subplacental grow, degeneration and likely also exchange processes, Galea and other species showed a more basal pattern of caviomorphs than the guinea pig. Such differences should be considered, when choosing most adequate animal models for special purposes in comparison to human placentation.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Animal models are essential to understand healthy human placentation. Guinea pig related rodents became on focus for such purposes. In particular, processes of trophoblast invasion are similar. The latter is associated with a specialized area, the subplacenta. Since previous results showed differences between the guinea pig and its close relative Galea spixii, we aimed to study subplacental development with more detail. We investigated 16 pregnant females of 14 to 55 days of gestation by means of histology, morphometrics, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. The overlap between the fetomaternal blood systems resulted as intimate, suggesting some exchange processes. Proliferation was revealed by three independent methods, being most active in early and mid-gestation, which was in accordance to former results. Though degeneration of tissues took place, the subplacenta was maintained towards term with access to the fetal vascularization, supporting a hypothesis about the release of substances to the fetal unit in advanced gestation. In contrast to other species, the extraplacental trophoblast showed a shift from syncytial streamers to giant cells during mid-gestation. Views on placentation in caviomorphs were influenced by the guinea pig, but our data supported recent studies that the subplacenta had a much greater placidity. In regard to subplacental grow, degeneration and likely also exchange processes, Galea and other species showed a more basal pattern of caviomorphs than the guinea pig. Such differences should be considered, when choosing most adequate animal models for special purposes in comparison to human placentation.


#3 - Can probiotic acid lactic bacteria submit antitumor effect in animal model of colon cancer? A review of the literature, 37(6):587-592

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Calaça P.R.A., Bezerra R.P., Porto A.L.F. & Cavalcanti M.T.H. 2017. [Can probiotic acid lactic bacteria submit antitumor effect in animal model of colon cancer? A review of the literature.] Podem as bactérias ácido lácticas probióticas apresentarem efeito antitumoral em modelo animal de câncer de cólon? Uma revisão da literatura. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(6):587-592. Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil. E-mail: mtcvsoares@yahoo.com.br Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the world and the second leading cause of death related to the disease in developed countries. Up to 75% of cases are associated with eating, indicating that a person can reduce their risk simply through dietary modification. Studies in animals show that various strains of lactic acid bacteria protect against colon cancer in rodents although data in humans are limited and conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of acid lactic bacteria in the treatment and reduction of colon cancer in animal models. Systematic searches were conducted in electronic databases reaching 1079 related articles, only six articles were elected according instead of to the eligibility criteria for analysis. All reviewed articles showed satisfactory results on the inhibition of colon cancer in rats and mice when using predominantly Lactobacillus strains. This study can answer hypothesis that acid lactic bacteria has antitumor effect against colon cancer.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Calaça P.R.A., Bezerra R.P., Porto A.L.F. & Cavalcanti M.T.H. 2017. [Can probiotic acid lactic bacteria submit antitumor effect in animal model of colon cancer? A review of the literature.] Podem as bactérias ácido lácticas probióticas apresentarem efeito antitumoral em modelo animal de câncer de cólon? Uma revisão da literatura. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(6):587-592. Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s/n, Dois Irmãos, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil. E-mail: mtcvsoares@yahoo.com.br O Câncer de cólon é um dos tipos mais comuns de câncer no mundo e a segunda principal causa de morte relacionada a esta doença em países desenvolvidos. Até 75% dos casos estão associados com a alimentação, indicando que uma pessoa pode reduzir o seu risco simplesmente através de modificação na dieta. Estudos em animais demonstram que várias cepas de bactérias ácido lácticas protegem contra o câncer de cólon em roedores, embora os dados em humanos sejam limitados e conflitantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a eficácia das bactérias ácido lácticas no tratamento e redução do câncer de cólon em modelo animal. Foram realizadas buscas sistemáticas em bases de dados eletrônicas alcançando 1079 artigos relacionados, entretanto apenas 6 artigos foram eleitos de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade para análise. Todos os artigos avaliados apresentaram resultados satisfatórios quanto à inibição do câncer de cólon em ratos e camundongos ao utilizarem cepas predominantemente do gênero Lactobacillus. Este estudo pode responder a hipótese de que as bactérias ácido lácticas apresentam efeito preventivo e antitumoral contra o câncer de cólon.


#4 - Patterns of arterial vascularization in swine hearts, 36(5):417-422

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Pinto M.G.F., Favaron P.O., Alcântara D., Anunciação A.R.A., Miglino M.A., Borelli V. & Filho A.F. 2016. Patterns of arterial vascularization in swine hearts. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(5):417-422. Setor de Anatomia de Animais Domésticos e Selvagens, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veteronária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, Cidade Universitária, Butantã, São Paulo, SP 05508-270, Brazil. E-mail: phelipe.favaron@yahoo.com.br This study aimed to characterize the patterns of arterial vascularization in swine hearts. Ninety swine hearts were submitted to the Spalteholz diaphanization technique in order to dissect the coronary arteries. Three types of arterial vascularization patterns were characterized through the behaviorof the rami circumflexus and interventricularis, namely: balanced, right and left types. The balanced pattern was the most frequently (42.2%); in this case, the rami circumflexus and interventricularis occupied their respective sulci. The right type (40%) was further categorized into three vascularization subtypes. In the first, ramus circumflexus dexter branched from the ramus interventricularis subsinuosus. In the second, the arteria coronaria dextra branched from ramus interventricularis subsinuosus and ramus circumflexus. In the third model, arteria coronaria sinister branched from ramus interventricularis paraconalis. The left type (17.7%) exhibited two subtypes. In the first, ramus interventricularis paraconalis ran through the entire corresponding sulcus and the ventral third of sulcus interventricularis subsinuosus, and ramus interventricularis subsinuosus occupied the dorsal and middle third of its respective sulcus. In the second, ramus interventricularis subsinuosus branched from arteria coronaria dextra and ran through the dorsal and medium thirds of its respective sulcus, and the ventral third was occupied by the collateral branch of ramus circumflexus sinister. Our results reinforce the thesis that the blood distribution system through the coronary artery in swine is similar to human, not only in qualitative but also by a quantitative comparison.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Pinto M.G.F., Favaron P.O., Alcântara D., Anunciação A.R.A., Miglino M.A., Borelli V. & Filho A.F. 2016. Patterns of arterial vascularization in swine hearts. [Padrões de vascularização arterial em corações de suínos.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(5):417-422. Setor de Anatomia de Animais Domésticos e Selvagens, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veteronária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, Cidade Universitária, Butantã, São Paulo, SP 05508-270, Brazil. E-mail: phelipe.favaron@yahoo.com.br Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar os padrões de vascularização arterial em corações de suínos. Para tanto, 90 corações de suínos foram submetidos à técnica de diafanização de Spalteholz com a finalidade de dissecar as artérias coronárias. Através do comportamento dos rami circumflexus e interventricularis caracterizou-se três modalidades de vascularização arterial do coração de suínos, sendo eles os tipos equilibrado, direito e esquerdo. O equilibrado foi observado com maior frequência (42,2%), neste caso os rami circumflexus e interventricularis das artérias coronárias ocupavam seus respectivos sulcos. O tipo direito (40%) apresentou três subtipos de vascularização. No primeiro o ramus circumflexus dexter ramificava-se formando o ramus interventricularis subsinuosus. No segundo, a arteria coronaria dextra emitia o ramus interventricularis subsinuosus e ramus circunflexus. E no terceiro modelo, da arteria coronaria sinistra emergia o ramus interventricularis paraconalis. O tipo esquerdo (17,7%) apresentou dois subtipos. No primeiro, o ramus interventricularis paraconalis percorria todo o sulco correspondente e o terço ventral do sulcus interventricularis subsinuosus, o ramus interventricularis subsinuosus ocupava os terços dorsal e médio do seu respectivo sulco. No segundo, o ramus interventricularis subsinuosus oriundo da arteria coronaria dextra percorria apenas os terços dorsal e médio do seu respectivo sulco, ficando o terço ventral ocupado por colateral do ramus circumflexus sinister. Nossos resultados reforçam a tese de que a distribuição do suprimento sanguíneo pela artéria coronária em suínos é semelhante ao humano, não apenas de maneira qualitativa, mas também do ponto de vista quantitativo.


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