Ano 2005 - Volume 25, Número 2


Título
Desenvolvimento e avaliação de novas estratégias de imunização contra colibacilose suína, p.84-90
Autores

Resumo
Simionatto S., Vaz E.K., Michelon A., Seixas F.K., Dellagostin O.A. 2005. [Development and evaluation of new strategies for immunization against swine colibacillosis.] Desenvolvimento e avaliação de novas estratégias de imunização contra colibacilose suína. Pes-quisa Veterinária Brasileira 25(2):84-90. Laboratório de Biologia Molecular, Centro de Bio-tecnologia, UFPel, Campus Capão do Leão, Cx. Postal 354, Pelotas, RS 96010-900, Brazil. E-mail: ssimionatto@bol.com.br

Swine colibacillosis caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli remains one of the main sanitary problems in pig farms. The recombinant DNA technology offers the possibility of developing new immunization strategies. This paper describes the development of a subunit vaccine through the expression and purification of the E. coli K88 FaeC fimbrial protein. The gene that codes for this antigen was amplified by PCR and cloned into an E. coli expression vector fused to a 6X histidine tag. The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography and used for mice immunization. In parallel, the same gene was cloned into an eucariotic expression vector with the addition of the Kozak sequence for improving translation of this gene in muscle cells. The resulting plasmid named pUP310 was purified in large scale and used to immunize mice. The immune response afforded by both forms of immunization was monitored by ELISA. There was an immune response in mice inoculated with pUP310 and purified FaeC. It was possible to detect anti-FaeC antibodies 42 days after the first inoculation. The antibody titer increased with time, being still detectable 7 months after the first inoculation. It is concluded that recombinant FaeC and pUP310 are potential tools for immunization of swine against E. coli K88.
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