Resultado da pesquisa (22)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa antibody

#11 - Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress, p.179-183

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Baldani C.D., Machado R.Z., Raso T.F. & Pinto A.A. 2007. Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira27(4):179-183. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br A complement fixation test (CFT), performed in microtitre plates, based upon the use of crude antigenic preparation of Babesia equi was adapted for the detection of antibodies in serum of infected horses. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were also used for the immunodiagnosis of B. equi. Serum samples from 15 apparently healthy horses, previously conditioned to a high-speed equine treadmill, were taken before and after exercise. All the samples analyzed were positive for B. equi infection. There were no significant differences (P<0.01) between these 3 tests, or the condition of rest or stress. The combined use of CFT and IFAT or ELISA should be recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently prevent introduction of infected horses into disease-free areas.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Baldani C.D., Machado R.Z., Raso T.F. & Pinto A.A. 2007. Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira27(4):179-183. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br A complement fixation test (CFT), performed in microtitre plates, based upon the use of crude antigenic preparation of Babesia equi was adapted for the detection of antibodies in serum of infected horses. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were also used for the immunodiagnosis of B. equi. Serum samples from 15 apparently healthy horses, previously conditioned to a high-speed equine treadmill, were taken before and after exercise. All the samples analyzed were positive for B. equi infection. There were no significant differences (P<0.01) between these 3 tests, or the condition of rest or stress. The combined use of CFT and IFAT or ELISA should be recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently prevent introduction of infected horses into disease-free areas.


#12 - Evidência sorológica de Pneumovírus aviário em lotes de frangos de corte em municípios de Mato Grosso do Sul

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Peres M.F., Carrijo A.S., Higa A.H. & Oliveira J.M. 2006. [Serological evidence of avian pneumovirus infections in broiler flocks in counties of Mato Grosso do Sul.] Evidência sorológica de Pneumovírus aviário em lotes de frangos de corte em municípios de Mato Grosso do Sul. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(4):254-258. Departamento de Zootecnia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Av. Filinto Müller 2443, Campo Grande, MS 79070-900, Brazil. E-mail: acarrijo@nin.ufms.br Avian pneumovirus (APV) is an important respiratory pathogen of hens and broilers. Although it was not clearly elucidated whether APV may cause economical losses in broiler flocks, it is known that APV infection can induce specific antibody production on these birds, and these serological reactions may provide some information about the epidemiological status of the APV infections. This work was carried out in search for antibodies to APV in broiler flocks in counties of Mato Grosso do Sul. Five hundred and thirty six serum samples from 54 broiler flocks at 42 and 51 days of age were tested with a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that 330 samples (61.6%) were negative, 108 (20.1%) were suspect and 98 (18.3%) were considered positive for the presence to APV antibodies. Of all the flocks analyzed, 49 (90.7%) were considered either positive or suspect. The ELISA test demonstrated that there was a similar percentage of positive or suspect flocks among those flocks between 42 and 46 days of age, and among those between 47 and 51 days. No seasonal differences were observed, since the percentages of positive or suspect flocks either in summer or in winter months were similar. Most of the flocks were considered positive despite the type of broiler housing (conventional, environmental controlled or semi-controlled). It is concluded that there are strong evidences indicating circulation of APV in Mato Grosso do Sul. The percentages of positive flocks were similar regardless of the age groups of the birds examined, the type of broiler housing and the season when sampling was performed.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Peres M.F., Carrijo A.S., Higa A.H. & Oliveira J.M. 2006. [Serological evidence of avian pneumovirus infections in broiler flocks in counties of Mato Grosso do Sul.] Evidência sorológica de Pneumovírus aviário em lotes de frangos de corte em municípios de Mato Grosso do Sul. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(4):254-258. Departamento de Zootecnia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Av. Filinto Müller 2443, Campo Grande, MS 79070-900, Brazil. E-mail: acarrijo@nin.ufms.br Avian pneumovirus (APV) is an important respiratory pathogen of hens and broilers. Although it was not clearly elucidated whether APV may cause economical losses in broiler flocks, it is known that APV infection can induce specific antibody production on these birds, and these serological reactions may provide some information about the epidemiological status of the APV infections. This work was carried out in search for antibodies to APV in broiler flocks in counties of Mato Grosso do Sul. Five hundred and thirty six serum samples from 54 broiler flocks at 42 and 51 days of age were tested with a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that 330 samples (61.6%) were negative, 108 (20.1%) were suspect and 98 (18.3%) were considered positive for the presence to APV antibodies. Of all the flocks analyzed, 49 (90.7%) were considered either positive or suspect. The ELISA test demonstrated that there was a similar percentage of positive or suspect flocks among those flocks between 42 and 46 days of age, and among those between 47 and 51 days. No seasonal differences were observed, since the percentages of positive or suspect flocks either in summer or in winter months were similar. Most of the flocks were considered positive despite the type of broiler housing (conventional, environmental controlled or semi-controlled). It is concluded that there are strong evidences indicating circulation of APV in Mato Grosso do Sul. The percentages of positive flocks were similar regardless of the age groups of the birds examined, the type of broiler housing and the season when sampling was performed.


#13 - Immunohistochemical detection of Clostridia species in paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally inoculated guinea pigs, p.4-8

Abstract in English:

Assis R.A., Lobato F.C.F., Serakides R., Santos R.L., Dias G.R.C., Nascimento R.A.P., Abreu V.L.V, Parreiras P.M. & Uzal F.A. 2005. Immunohistochemical detection of Clostridia species in paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally inoculated guinea pigs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 25(1):4-8. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Escola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, Cx. Postal 567, Belo Horizonte, MG 30123-970, Brazil. E-mail: assisra@rwnet.com.br Blackleg is caused by Clostridium chauvoei, whereas malignant oedema is caused by C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii, C. perfringens type A, and/or C. novyi type A. Anti-C. chauvoei, anti-C. septicum, anti-C. sordellii and anti-C. novyi type A polyclonal antibodies were produced in rabbits and purified in a column of DEAE-cellulose. Aliquots of the antisera were conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate and the remaining was used for the streptavidin biotin peroxidase technique (SBPT). SBPT was standardized to detect C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs. SBPT was compared to a fluorescent antibody technique (FAT). Sections and smears of muscle from inoculation area (MIA), heart, liver, spleen and kidney, were obtained for both SBPT and FAT. Cross-reactions between the different Clostridial species were not observed. C. chauvoei and C. septicum were detected in all specimens from the animals inoculated with these microorganisms, while only sections of muscle obtained from all the animals inoculated with C. sordellii and C. novyi type A were positive. The same results observed by the SBPT, were obtained on tissue smears of these microorganisms stained by the FAT. The results indicate that SBPT is suitable for detection of C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Assis R.A., Lobato F.C.F., Serakides R., Santos R.L., Dias G.R.C., Nascimento R.A.P., Abreu V.L.V, Parreiras P.M. & Uzal F.A. 2005. Immunohistochemical detection of Clostridia species in paraffin-embedded tissues of experimentally inoculated guinea pigs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 25(1):4-8. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Escola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Presidente Antônio Carlos 6627, Cx. Postal 567, Belo Horizonte, MG 30123-970, Brazil. E-mail: assisra@rwnet.com.br Blackleg is caused by Clostridium chauvoei, whereas malignant oedema is caused by C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii, C. perfringens type A, and/or C. novyi type A. Anti-C. chauvoei, anti-C. septicum, anti-C. sordellii and anti-C. novyi type A polyclonal antibodies were produced in rabbits and purified in a column of DEAE-cellulose. Aliquots of the antisera were conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate and the remaining was used for the streptavidin biotin peroxidase technique (SBPT). SBPT was standardized to detect C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs. SBPT was compared to a fluorescent antibody technique (FAT). Sections and smears of muscle from inoculation area (MIA), heart, liver, spleen and kidney, were obtained for both SBPT and FAT. Cross-reactions between the different Clostridial species were not observed. C. chauvoei and C. septicum were detected in all specimens from the animals inoculated with these microorganisms, while only sections of muscle obtained from all the animals inoculated with C. sordellii and C. novyi type A were positive. The same results observed by the SBPT, were obtained on tissue smears of these microorganisms stained by the FAT. The results indicate that SBPT is suitable for detection of C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. sordellii and C. novyi type A in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of guinea pigs.


#14 - Evaluation of the indirect fluorescent antibody test and modified agglutination test for detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally infected pigs

Abstract in English:

Minho A.P., Navarro I.T., Freire R.L., Vidotto O., Gennari S.M., Marana E.M. & Garcia J.L. 2004. Evaluation of the indirect fluorescent antibody test and modified agglutination test for detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally infected pigs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(4):199-202. Depto Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Cx. Postal 6001, Londrina, PR 86050-970, Brazil. E-mail: italmar@uel.br The study determined the sensitivity and specificity of the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and modified agglutination test (MAT) for anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibody detection by analyzing sera from 46 experimentally infected pigs. Values for sensitivity were 95.7% (confidence interval 95%: 84.0-99.2%) and for specificity 97.8% (confidence interval 95%: 87.0-99.9%) in both tests. There was an optimum agreement of results between IFAT and MAT evidenced by a Kappa test of 0.86. These results validate these tests for the detection of T. gondii infection in pigs. IFAT and MAT despite methodologies with different characteristics and readings have similar accuracy in pig serum samples.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Minho A.P., Navarro I.T., Freire R.L., Vidotto O., Gennari S.M., Marana E.M. & Garcia J.L. 2004. Evaluation of the indirect fluorescent antibody test and modified agglutination test for detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally infected pigs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(4):199-202. Depto Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Cx. Postal 6001, Londrina, PR 86050-970, Brazil. E-mail: italmar@uel.br The study determined the sensitivity and specificity of the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and modified agglutination test (MAT) for anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibody detection by analyzing sera from 46 experimentally infected pigs. Values for sensitivity were 95.7% (confidence interval 95%: 84.0-99.2%) and for specificity 97.8% (confidence interval 95%: 87.0-99.9%) in both tests. There was an optimum agreement of results between IFAT and MAT evidenced by a Kappa test of 0.86. These results validate these tests for the detection of T. gondii infection in pigs. IFAT and MAT despite methodologies with different characteristics and readings have similar accuracy in pig serum samples.


#15 - Humoral iminune response, bacterial recovery and time lesions in mice geneticaly selected for high and low antibody production and in outbreed Balb/c mice face to Leptospira interrogans sorovar ictero

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Marinho M., Langoni H., Oliveira S.L., Carreira R., Perri, S.H.V. e Luvizoto M.C. 2002. [Humoral iminune response, bacterial recovery and time lesions in mice geneticaly selected for high and low antibody production and in outbreed Balb/c mice face to Leptospira interrogans sorovar icterohaemorrhagiae.] Resposta humoral, recuperação bacteriana e lesões histológicas em camundongos geneticamente selecionados para bons e maus produtores de anticorpos e Balb/c, frente à infecção por Leptospira interrogans sorovar icterohaemorrhagiae. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23(1):5-12. Laboratório de Microbiologia, Departamento de Apoio, Produção e Saúde Animal FOA, Unesp-Campus de Araçatuba, Cx. Postal 341, Araçatuba, SP 16050-680, Brazil. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the association among the kinetics of humoral immune response, the recovery ofviable leptospiras and the intensity ofthe tissue lesions in mice selected for high (H) and low (L) production of antibodies (selection N-A) and in mice from the outbreed Balb/c Iine, inoculated with pathogenic Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae. Toe H and L lines showed modifications in some steps ofthe immune response, mainly in relation to the macrophagic activity, representing extreme phenotypes found in heterogeneous natural populations. Mice were sacrificed in eight moments after the infection. Analysis of the results revealed that from the 7th day after the infection, on Iine H mice presented antibodies titles significantly higher as compared to the L line mice, maintaining the multispecific effect Balb/c tine mice showed intermediàte results between the two Iines. Antibodies production worked as a timiting factor to the infection, becausewhen a greater leptospiras recovery was obtained, at the initial phase of the infection, the titles of antibodies were elevated. Inflammatory and degenerative process led to similar lesions in the organs ofinfected mice. Only a variation in the degree oftissue compromising was observed according to the tine. H tine mice showed more extensive lesions than L and Balb/c lines mice. For the Balb/c tine mice, the lesions were moderate. As a mie, H and Balb/c mice lines showed a Th2 profile of immune response, with higher indexes of antibody production and gravity ofthe lesions, while L line mice presented a Th 1 profile ofimmune response.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Marinho M., Langoni H., Oliveira S.L., Carreira R., Perri, S.H.V. e Luvizoto M.C. 2002. [Humoral iminune response, bacterial recovery and time lesions in mice geneticaly selected for high and low antibody production and in outbreed Balb/c mice face to Leptospira interrogans sorovar icterohaemorrhagiae.] Resposta humoral, recuperação bacteriana e lesões histológicas em camundongos geneticamente selecionados para bons e maus produtores de anticorpos e Balb/c, frente à infecção por Leptospira interrogans sorovar icterohaemorrhagiae. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23(1):5-12. Laboratório de Microbiologia, Departamento de Apoio, Produção e Saúde Animal FOA, Unesp-Campus de Araçatuba, Cx. Postal 341, Araçatuba, SP 16050-680, Brazil. O presente trabalho teve por finalidade associar a cinética da resposta humoral à recuperação de leptospiras viáveis e à intensidade das lesões teciduais em camundongos geneticamente selecionados para bons (High) e maus (Low) produtores de anticorpos (seleção IV-A), além de camundongos outbreed, Balb/c, inoculados com amostra patogênica de Leptospira interrogans sorovar icterohaemorrhagiae. As linhagens High e Low (seleção IV-A) apresentam modificações em alguns compartimentos da resposta imune, principalmente em relação à atividade macrofágica, representando fenótipos extre mos encontrados em populações naturais heterogêneas. Os camundongos foram sacrificados em oito momentos após a infecção. A análise dos resultados revelou que a partir do 7º dia após a infecção, os camundongos da linhagem High apresentaram elevação nos títulos de anticorpos estatisticamente significantes quando comparados aos camundongos da linhagem Low, mantendo assim o efeito multiespecífico. Os camundongos Balb/c apresentaram resultados intermediários entre as duas linhagens. A produção de anticorpos colaborou como fator limitante à infecção, pois quando obtevese maior recuperação de leptospiras, na fase inicial da infecção, os títulos de anticorpos encontravam-se em elevação. As lesões observadas nos órgãos de camundongos infectados consistiram basicamente nos mesmos processos inflamatórios e degenerativos, que não se alteraram, variando apenas o grau de comprometimento tecidual, de acordo com a linhagem. A linhagem high apresentou lesões mais extensas que as apresentadas pelas linhagens low e Balb/c, sendo que nesta última as lesões foram moderadas. De forma geral a linhagem High e Balb/c apresentaram um perfil de resposta Th2, com o maior índice de produção de anticorpos e gravidade das lesões, enquanto a linhagem Low apresentou um perfil de resposta Th 1.


#16 - Monoclonal antibody characterization of bovine herpesviruses types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5), 22(1):13-18

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Souza V.F, Melo S.V., Esteves P.A., Schmidt C.S.R., Gonçalves D.A., Schaefer R., Silva T.C., Almeida R.S., Vicentini F., Franco A.C., Oliveira E.A., Spilki F.R., Weiblen R., Flores E.F., Lemos R.A., Alfieri A.A., Pituco E.M. & Roehe P.M. 2002. [Monoclonal antibody characterization of bovine herpesviruses types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5).] Caracterização de herpesvírus bovinos tipos 1 (BHV-1) e 5 (BHV-5) com anticorpos monoclonais. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 22(1):13-18,-Depto Microbiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, and Centro de Pesquisas Universitárias Desidério Finamor, Estrada do Conde 6000, Eldorado do Sul, RS 90001-970, Brazíl. E-mail: proehe@vottex.ufrgs.br The antigenic profile of 45 herpesviruses (44 viruses from cattle, including six reference BHV-1 strains and 15 putative BHV-1; three reference BHV-5 strains and 20 putative BHV-5) and one butfalo isolate (BuHV) were examined with a panei of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) prepared against bovine herpesvirus antigens. Tests were performed by immunoperoxidase (IPX) on infected cell cultures, with the Mabs as primary antibodies. lmmunostaining allowed the differentiation between types 1 and 5 viruses. Ali isolates from cases of encephalitis displayed BHV-5 profiles. Four BHV-5 isolates obtained from geographically distinct áreas displayed different and highly variable IPX patterns of reactivity. Two viruses with BHV-5 antigenic profile were isolated from semen of asymptomatic bulis. The results showed that the antigenic characterization with the Mab panei employed here is useful for typing BHV-1 and BHV-5 isolates.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Souza V.F, Melo S.V., Esteves P.A., Schmidt C.S.R., Gonçalves D.A., Schaefer R., Silva T.C., Almeida R.S., Vicentini F., Franco A.C., Oliveira E.A., Spilki F.R., Weiblen R., Flores E.F., Lemos R.A., Alfieri A.A., Pituco E.M. & Roehe P.M. 2002. [Monoclonal antibody characterization of bovine herpesviruses types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5).] Caracterização de herpesvírus bovinos tipos 1 (BHV-1) e 5 (BHV-5) com anticorpos monoclonais. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 22(1):13-18,-Depto Microbiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, and Centro de Pesquisas Universitárias Desidério Finamor, Estrada do Conde 6000, Eldorado do Sul, RS 90001-970, Brazíl. E-mail: proehe@vottex.ufrgs.br O perfil antigénico de 45 herpesvírus (44 de bovinos, sendo seis amostras de referência de BHV-1 e 15 prováveis BHV-1; três amostras de referência de BHV-5 e 20 prováveis BHV-5) e uma amostra de herpesvírus bubalino (BuHV) foi examinado com um painel de anticorpos monoclonais (Acms) produzidos contra antígenos de herpesvírus bovinos. Para os exames, foi utilizada a prova de imunoperoxidase (IPX) sobre cultivas de células infectadas, tendo os Acms como anticorpos primários. A determinação dos padrões de reatividade das amostras de vírus frente aos Acms permitiu a diferenciação entre os tipos 1 e 5. Todas as amostras isoladas de casos de encefalite apresentaram perfil de BHV-5. Quatro amostras de BHV-5 isoladas de áreas geograficamente distintas apresentaram perfis de reatividade diferenciados em relação às demais amostras do tipo 5. Duas amostras de vírus com perfil antigénico de BHV-5 foram isoladas de sêmen de animais infectados. Estes resultados comprovam a utilidade da caracterização antigénica com este painel de Acms na tipagem de amostras de BHV-1 e BHV-5.


#17 - Evolution of serological antibody titres by the plate agglutination, rose Bengal and complement fixation tests in Nelore heifers (Bos indicus) vaccinated at 18 months of age with Brucella abortus stra

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Mathias, L.A., Chaves, L.F., Chen, A.A., Girio, R.J.S. & Valério Neto, W. 2001. [Evolution of serological antibody titres by the plate agglutination, rose Bengal and complement fixation tests in Nelore heifers (Bos indicus) vaccinated at 18 months of age with Brucella abortus strain 19] Evolução de títulos sorológicos, nas provas de soroaglutinação em placa, antígeno acidificado tamponado e fixação de complemento, em bezerras Nelore vacinadas aos 18 meses de idade com Brucella abortus amostra B 19. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 21(4):139-142. Depto Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Reprodução Animal, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Unesp-Campus de Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. One hundred and eight Nelore heifers (Bos indicus) about 18 months of age were vaccinated with a standard dosage (60-120 x 109 viable organisms) of Brucella abortus strain 19 vaccine, airning at to study the persistence of serological antibody titres by the plate agglutination, rase Bengal and cornplement fixation tests. Serum samples were collected just before vaccination and after 45 days, 6, 12 and 18 months. Before the vaccination, all the heifers showed negative results by the three tests. After 45 days, all the heifers had titres higher than or equal to 1/100 by the plate agglutination test and all of them showed positive results by the rose Bengal plate test, while 2 animals had titre 1/2 and 106 animals had titres higher than or equal to 1/4 by the complement fixation test. One year after the vaccination, most of the heifers did not show significant serological antibody titres. Considering the risk to which animals in endemic areas and infected herds are subjected, and considering the clear reduction of the serological antibody titres shown by most of the vaccinated heifers, one rnay assume that, in case of Nelore heifers in endemic areas and that were not vaccinated between 3 and 8 months of age, it would be more reasonable to vaccinate them at 18 months of age than to expose them to a high risk of Brucella infection.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Mathias, L.A., Chaves, L.F., Chen, A.A., Girio, R.J.S. & Valério Neto, W. 2001. [Evolution of serological antibody titres by the plate agglutination, rose Bengal and complement fixation tests in Nelore heifers (Bos indicus) vaccinated at 18 months of age with Brucella abortus strain 19] Evolução de títulos sorológicos, nas provas de soroaglutinação em placa, antígeno acidificado tamponado e fixação de complemento, em bezerras Nelore vacinadas aos 18 meses de idade com Brucella abortus amostra B 19. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 21(4):139-142. Depto Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Reprodução Animal, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Unesp-Campus de Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. Com o objetivo de estudar a persistência da resposta sorológica, através das provas de soroaglutinação em placa, rosa Bengala e fixação de complemento, 108 bezerras, com idade ao redor de 18 meses, foram vacinadas com uma dose padrão da vacina preparada com Bntcella abortus amostra B 19. Foram obtidas amostras de soro sangüíneo antes da vacinação e após 45 dias, 6, 12 e 18 meses. Antes da vacinação, todas as bezerras apresentaram resultados negativos nos três testes. Após 45 dias, todas apresentaram título a partir de 1/100 na prova de soroaglutinação em placa e todas apresentaram resultado positivo no teste rosa Bengala, ao passo que dois animais apresentaram título 1/2 e os demais apresentaram título a partir de 1/4 na reação de fixação de complemento. Após um ano de vacinação, a grande maioria das bezerras já não apresentava título sorológico significativo. Considerando o risco a que estão sujeitos animais que vivem em áreas endêmicas e em propriedades onde a doença ocorre, e considerando a acentuada redução de título sorológico observada na grande maioria dos animais, pode-se concluir que, no caso bezerras de raças zebuínas em áreas endêmicas e que não tenham sido vacinadas na idade regulamentar, é mais vantajoso vaciná-las com a amostra B 19 aos 18 meses de idade do que deixá-las expostas a um elevado risco de infecção por Brucella.


#18 - Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of antibodies against Babesia bovis, 20(4):167-170

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Madruga C.R., Araújo F.R., Marques A.P.C., Carvalho C.M.E., Cusinato F.Q., Crocci A.J., Kessler R.H. & Miguita M. 2000. [Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of antibodies against Babesia bovis.] Desenvolvimento de uma prova de imunoadsorção enzimática para detecção de anticorpos contra Babesia bovis. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 20(4):167-170. Embrapa Gado de Corte, BR 262 Km 4, Campo Grande, MS 79002-970, Brazil. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antibodies to Babesia bovis was developed and evaluated in comparison with the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The ELISA sensitivity and specificity, estimated with 100 positive sera from cattle experimentally infected with B. bovis and 108 negative sera collected from B. bovis-free herds, were 98.0% and 98.1 %, respectively. Positive and negative predictive values were, respectively, 98.0% and 98.1 %, and precision was 98.1 %. No cross-reactions were detected with 80 sera from calves experimentally inoculated with Babesia bigemina. The ELISA was compared with IFAT using 110 cattle sera from an enzootically stable area and with 168 cattle sera from an enzootically unstable area. In both cases, there was a significant agreement between results of both tests (P=0.631 and 0.4725, respectively). In an epidemiological study performed with ELISA in the Pantanal region of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul with 1,365 cattle sera, 83.9%were positive for antibodies against B. bovis, characterizing this region as enzootically stable.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Madruga C.R., Araújo F.R., Marques A.P.C., Carvalho C.M.E., Cusinato F.Q., Crocci A.J., Kessler R.H. & Miguita M. 2000. [Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of antibodies against Babesia bovis.] Desenvolvimento de uma prova de imunoadsorção enzimática para detecção de anticorpos contra Babesia bovis. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 20(4):167-170. Embrapa Gado de Corte, BR 262 Km 4, Campo Grande, MS 79002-970, Brazil. Uma prova de imunoadsorção enzimática (ELISA) para detecção de anticorpos contra Babesia bovis foi desenvolvida e avaliada em comparação à imunofluorescência indireta (IFI). A sensibilidade e especificidade do ELISA, determinadas pela análise de 100 soros positivos de bovinos infectados experimentalmente com B. bovis e 108 soros negativos colhidos de bovinos livres de infecção por este hemoparasito, foram de 98,0% e 98, 1 %, respectivamente. Os valores preditivos positivo e negativo foram, respectivamente, 98,0% e 98, 1 % e a precisão do teste foi de 9.8, 1 %. Não foram detectadas reações cruzadas com 80 soros de bezerros experimentalmente inoculados com Babesia bigemina. O ELISA foi comparado à IFI usando 110 soros de rebanhos de área de estabilidade endêmica e 168 soros de rebanhos de áreas de instabilidade endêmica. Em ambos os casos, houve concordância significativa (P=0,631 e 0,4725, respectivamente) entre os resultados demonstrados pelos dois testes. Em um estudo epidemiológico realizado com o ELISA na região do Pantanal de Mato Grosso do Sul, com 1.365 soros de bovinos, 83,9% foram positivos para anticorpos contra B. bovis, caracterizando a região estudada como endemicamente estável.


#19 - Monoclonal antibody differentiation between bovine herpesviruses type 1 and 5, 17(1):41-44

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Roehe P.M., Silva T.C., Nardi N.B., Oliveira L.G. & Rosa J.C.A. 1997. [Monoclonal antibody differentiation between bovine herpesviruses type 1 and 5.] Diferenciação entre os vírus da rinotraqueíte infecciosa bovina (BHV-1) e herpesvírus da encefalite bovina (BHV-5) com anticorpos monoclonais. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 17(1):41-44. Centro de Pesquisas Veterinárias Desidério Finamor, Caixa Postal 2076, Porto Alegre, RS 90001-970, Brazil. Bovine Herpesviruses (BHV) type 1 (BHV-1) and type 5 (BHV-5) were analysed by immunoperoxidase staining with a panei of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) prepared against BHV antigens. One of the Mabs recognized ali BHV isolates tested. The remainder four mabs recognized only BHV-1 samples, including standard laboratory strains. Ali isolates associated with clinical cases of encephalitis (BHV-5) displayed a pattern of reactivity distinct from that of viruses isolated from syndromes associated with BHV-1 infections. The results obtained indicate that such Mabs allowed the differentiation between BHV-1 and BHV-5, with a perfect correlation between the clinical pictures and the patterns of reactivity in vitro.

Abstract in Portuguese:

SINOPSE.- Roehe P.M., Silva T.C., Nardi N.B., Oliveira L.G. & Rosa J.C.A. 1997. [Monoclonal antibody differentiation between bovine herpesviruses type 1 and 5.] Diferenciação entre os vírus da rinotraqueíte infecciosa bovina (BHV-1) e herpesvírus da encefalite bovina (BHV-5) com anticorpos monoclonais. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 17(1):41-44. Centro de Pesquisas Veterinárias Desidério Finamor, Caixa Postal 2076, Porto Alegre, RS 90001-970, Brazil. Amostras de herpesvírus bovinos (BHV) tipo 1 (Virus da Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa BovinaNulvovaginite Pustular Infecciosa; BHV-1) e tipo 5 (Herpesvírus da Encefalite Bovina; BHV-5) tiveram seu perfil de reatividade analisado em testes de imunoperoxidase frente a um painel composto por cinco anticorpos monoclonais (AcM) produzidos contra antígenos de BHV-1. Um dos AcM reconheceu todas as amostras de BHV examinadas. Os quatro AcM restantes reconheceram somente amostras de BHV-1. Todas as amostras isoladas de casos de encefalites (BHV-5) apresentaram um padrão de reação distinto daquelas isoladas de outros síndromes associados à infecção pelo BHV-1. Os resultados obtidos indicam que os AcM avaliados permitem a diferenciação entre amostras de BHV-1 e BHV-5, havendo perfeita correlação entre os quadros clínicos observados com os perfis de reatividade obtidos in vitro.


#20 - Neutralizing antibody levels in cattle vaccinated against rabies

Abstract in English:

Three modified live virus vaccines and one inactivated vaccine against rabies were purchased in the market and applied into cattle, aiming the determination of neutralizing antibody levels induced. Each vaccine was injected as a single dose into groups of 10 animals/vaccine, according to manufacturer's recommendations, plus 10 uninoculated controls. Cattle serum samples were collected on days 0, 30 and 60 post-vaccination. The samples were tested against the strain CVS in the mouse neutralization test, and against CVS and ERA strains in the cell culture virus-neutralization test. All the four vaccines were shown not to be good rabies neutralizing antibody inducers. The results obtained with the two tests, despite the low titers observed in both, were not comparable, probably because of the differences in the amount of virus. used for challenge.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Três vacinas antirábicas com vírus modificado e uma vacina inativada foram adquiridas no comércio e aplicadas em bovinos, visando a determinação dos níveis de anticorpos neutralizantes induzidos. Cada vacina foi injetada em dose única em grupos de 10 animais/vacina, de acordo com as recomendações dos fabricantes, além de 10 controles não inoculados. Amostras de soro foram coletadas nos dias 0, 30 e 60 pós-vacinação. As amostras foram testadas contra a cepa CVS no teste de vírus-neutralização em camundongos, e contra as cepas CVS e ERA no teste de vírus-neutralização em cultivos celulares. Todas as quatro vacinas demonstraram não ser boas indutoras de anticorpos neutralizantes. Os resultados obtidos com os dois testes, apesar dos baixos títulos observados em ambos, não foram comparáveis, provavelmente devido à diferença na quantidade de vírus utilizada no desafio.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV
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