Resultado da pesquisa (35)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Antimicrobianos

#31 - Caracterização epidemiológica, molecular e perfil de resistência aos antimicrobianos de Escherichia coli isoladas de criatórios suínos do Sul do Brasil

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Costa M.M., Silva M.S., Spricigo D.A., Witt N.M., Marchioro S.B., Kolling L. & Vargas A.P.C. 2006. [Epidemiology, molecular characterization and resistance to antimicrobials of Escherichia coli isolated from South-Brazilian pig herds.] Caracterização epidemiológica, molecular e perfil de resistência aos antimicrobianos de Escherichia coli isoladas de criatórios suínos do Sul do Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):5-8. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: agueda@ccr.ufsm.br Colibacillosis is an enteric disease with a major impact to the swine industry and is caused by enterotoxigenic strains of Escherichia coli. Forty clinical isolates from pigs with diarrhea and 13 environmental isolates were analysed regarding their genotypic profile, genetic relationship and antibiotic resistance. The most prevalent gene was Stb, identified in 50% of the isolates from clinical cases, and Sta and Lt were detected in 35% of them. Among the adesine factors investigated, F18 was found in 27.5% of the E. coli strains. The ERIC-PCR technique used for epidemiological characterization of the isolates did not show the expected discriminatory power. However, the test allowed separation of the isolates in groups, but did not evidence groups related to virulence factors. In the susceptibility test, the highest values for resistance were to tetracycline, in 88.6%. The index of multiple resistance to antimicrobials varied from 0 to 0.69.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Costa M.M., Silva M.S., Spricigo D.A., Witt N.M., Marchioro S.B., Kolling L. & Vargas A.P.C. 2006. [Epidemiology, molecular characterization and resistance to antimicrobials of Escherichia coli isolated from South-Brazilian pig herds.] Caracterização epidemiológica, molecular e perfil de resistência aos antimicrobianos de Escherichia coli isoladas de criatórios suínos do Sul do Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):5-8. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: agueda@ccr.ufsm.br Colibacillosis is an enteric disease with a major impact to the swine industry and is caused by enterotoxigenic strains of Escherichia coli. Forty clinical isolates from pigs with diarrhea and 13 environmental isolates were analysed regarding their genotypic profile, genetic relationship and antibiotic resistance. The most prevalent gene was Stb, identified in 50% of the isolates from clinical cases, and Sta and Lt were detected in 35% of them. Among the adesine factors investigated, F18 was found in 27.5% of the E. coli strains. The ERIC-PCR technique used for epidemiological characterization of the isolates did not show the expected discriminatory power. However, the test allowed separation of the isolates in groups, but did not evidence groups related to virulence factors. In the susceptibility test, the highest values for resistance were to tetracycline, in 88.6%. The index of multiple resistance to antimicrobials varied from 0 to 0.69.


#32 - Padrão de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos e perfil plasmidial em Salmonella Muenster isoladas de suínos e do ambiente de abatedouros

Abstract in English:

Lázaro N.S., Tibana A., Reis E.M.F., Rodrigues D.P., Quintaes B.R. & Hofer E. 2004. [Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and plasmid profile in Salmonella Muenster isolated from swine and abattoir environment, Brazil.] Padrão de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos e perfil plasmidial em Salmonella Muenster isoladas de suínos e do ambiente de abatedouros. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(2):65-70. Depto Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Inst.Veterinária, UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: nslazaro@aol.com Thirty-eight strains of Salmonella Muenster, isolated from swine and the abattoir environment, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from March 1991 to February 1992, were analyzed for the presence of plasmids. The strains were selected according to their profile regarding the antimicrobials: streptomycin, tetracycline, sulphonamide and sulfametoxazole-trimethoprim. Thirteen strains were resistant to one or several antimicrobials, 18 with intermediate degree and seven were sensitive. Plasmids varying in size from 1.2 Kb to 42 Kb were detected in 37 (97.36%) of the 38 samples, corresponding to 11 different profiles (P1- P11), varying from 1 to 6 plasmids per model. The number and plasmids diversity was greater than the resistance marks for strains. The plasmid of 2.85 Kb was the most frequent, being present in 83.78% of the 37 strains; only the one of 7.5 Kb was detected at the two slaughterhouses. There was no parallelism between resistance pattern and plasmidial profile, and a same antibiotype was found in several plasmidial profiles. The results of the present investigation, allowed us to conclude that the plasmid characterization is an useful and simple tool for the epidemiological typing of this sorovar.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Lázaro N.S., Tibana A., Reis E.M.F., Rodrigues D.P., Quintaes B.R. & Hofer E. 2004. [Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and plasmid profile in Salmonella Muenster isolated from swine and abattoir environment, Brazil.] Padrão de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos e perfil plasmidial em Salmonella Muenster isoladas de suínos e do ambiente de abatedouros. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(2):65-70. Depto Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Inst.Veterinária, UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: nslazaro@aol.com Thirty-eight strains of Salmonella Muenster, isolated from swine and the abattoir environment, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from March 1991 to February 1992, were analyzed for the presence of plasmids. The strains were selected according to their profile regarding the antimicrobials: streptomycin, tetracycline, sulphonamide and sulfametoxazole-trimethoprim. Thirteen strains were resistant to one or several antimicrobials, 18 with intermediate degree and seven were sensitive. Plasmids varying in size from 1.2 Kb to 42 Kb were detected in 37 (97.36%) of the 38 samples, corresponding to 11 different profiles (P1- P11), varying from 1 to 6 plasmids per model. The number and plasmids diversity was greater than the resistance marks for strains. The plasmid of 2.85 Kb was the most frequent, being present in 83.78% of the 37 strains; only the one of 7.5 Kb was detected at the two slaughterhouses. There was no parallelism between resistance pattern and plasmidial profile, and a same antibiotype was found in several plasmidial profiles. The results of the present investigation, allowed us to conclude that the plasmid characterization is an useful and simple tool for the epidemiological typing of this sorovar.


#33 - Profile of antimicrobial susceptibility in strains of Gram positive cocci, negative catalase, isolated from buffalo subclinical mastitis, 23(2):47-51

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Vianni M.C.E. & Lázaro N.S. 2003. [Profile of antimicrobial susceptibility in strains of Gram positive cocci, negative catalase, isolated from buffalo subclinical mastitis.] Perfil de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos em amostras de cocos Gram-positivos, catalase negativos, isoladas de mastite subclínica bubalina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23(2):47-51. Depto Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Instituto de Veterinária, UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. The susceptibility of antimicrobials was studied in Gram positive and catalase negative cocci (21 samples of Lactococcus garvieae and 6 Enterococcus gallinarum), isolated from the milk of cows with subclinical mastitis, belonging to six buffalo herds in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The test used was diffusion of disks in agar Müller Hinton, according to recommendations of the National Committee for Clinicai Laboratory Standards - NCCLS. There were tested disks with ampicillin (10mg), cefalotin (30mg), cefotaxime (30mg), cefoxitin (30mg), doranfenicol (30mg), eritromycin (15mg), gentamycin (10mg), nitrofurantoin (300mg), norfloxacin (10mg), penicillin (1 O IU), tetracydin (30mg) and vancomycin (30mg). The results showed that with Lactococcus garvieae, the most efficient antimicrobial was nitrofurantoin, revealing 85.71% sensibility, followed by cefotaxime (61.90%), vancomycin (52.38%), norfloxacin (47.62%) and cefalotin (47.62%). The highest resistance was developed against penicillin and ampicillin, with 95.24% resistance for the two antimicrobials. The susceptibility profile developed by the strains of Enterococcus gallinarum showed low sensibility against the tested antimicrobials; the highest resistance observed was against eritromycin and gentamycin, with 33.34% sensibility for both. The antimicrobial evaluation showed 100% resistance against vancomycin and tetracyclin, followed by cloranfenicol, penicillin, ampicillin, cefoxitin, cefotaxim, norfloxacin and nitrofurantoin; all of them showed a resistance of 83.33% with the samples tested.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Vianni M.C.E. & Lázaro N.S. 2003. [Profile of antimicrobial susceptibility in strains of Gram positive cocci, negative catalase, isolated from buffalo subclinical mastitis.] Perfil de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos em amostras de cocos Gram-positivos, catalase negativos, isoladas de mastite subclínica bubalina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23(2):47-51. Depto Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Instituto de Veterinária, UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. Estudou-se o perfil de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos em cocos Gram-positivos catalase negativos (21 amostras de Lactococcus garvieae e 6 de Enterococcus gallinarum), isoladas do leite de fêmeas com mastite subdínica e pertencentes a uma população composta por seis rebanhos bubalinos localizados no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. O teste utilizado foi o da difusão de discos em agar Müller Hinton, segundo recomendações do National Committee for Clinicai Laboratory Standards - NCCLS, tendo sido testados discos com ampicilina (10mg), cefalotina (30mg), cefotaxima (30mg), cefoxitina (30mg), cloranfenicol (30mg), eritromicina (15mg), gentamicina (10mg), nitrofurantoína (300mg), norfloxacina (10mg), penicilina (10 UI), tetracidina (30mg) e vancomicina (30mg). Os resultados evidenciaram que em se tratando de Lactococcus garvieae, o antimicrobiano mais eficiente foi o nitrofurantoína com 85,71% de sensibilidade, seguido da cefotaxima (61,90%), vancomicina (52,38%), norfloxacina (47,62%) e cefalotina (47,62%). A maior resistência foi desenvolvida frente a penicilina e ampicilina, com 95,24% de resistência para os dois antimicrobianos testados. O perfil de susceptibilidade desenvolvido pelas amostras de Enterococcus gallinarum, mostrou baixa sensibilidade frente aos antimicrobianos testados, onde os maiores índices foram observados frente eritromicina e gentamicina, com 33,34% de sensibilidade para ambos; quanto à resistência desenvolvida, foi possível observar 100% de resistência com relação a vancomicina e tetraciclina, seguindo-se cloranfenicol, penicilina, ampicilina, cefoxitina, cefalotina, cefotaxima, norfloxacina e nitrofurantoína, todas evidenciando uma resistência de 83,33% das amostras testadas.


#34 - Occurrence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp in calves in the southern agreste region of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

Abstract in English:

The diarrheic processes caused by pathogenic enterobacteria are of great economicsanitary importance, with limiting effects on cattle raising. In the present study 106 fecal samples from 52 diarrheic and 54 non-diarrheic calves aged 1 to 90 days were analyzed, in arder to determine the occurrence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and Salmonella sp among calves reared in the agreste region of the state of Pernambuco and to determine the behavior of the isolates in response to 16 antimicrobial agents. The strains were cultured in selective media and submitted to biochemical characterization, serologic identification and detection of heat-stable enterotoxin. E. coli was isolated from all 106 calves studied and five of these strains (4,7%) were proclucers of heat-stable enterotoxin. Salmonellasp was isolated from six (5,7%) samples belonging to serovars Dublin, Muenchen and Infantis. The Salmonella strains were highly sensitive to the drngs tested, whereas the E. co/istrains were more resistent to tetracycline (50,9%), sulfonamide (40,6%), streptomycin (35,9%) and ampicillin (22,6%). Particularly outstancling in the general analysis was the multiresistance of E. coli (52,0%), with a predominance of the tetracycline-sulfonamide association. The present results serve as a warning regarding the incliscriminated use of antimicrobial agents. Low percentages of ETEC and Salmonella in calves show the necessity of other diagnostic procedures to clarify the etiology.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Os processos diarréicos acarretados por enterobactérias patogênicas têm sido incriminados como de grande importância econômica-sanitária, desempenhando um papel limitante na criação de bezerros. Com o objetivo de estudar a ocorrência de Escherichia coli enterotoxigênica e Salmonella sp em bezerros no agreste meridional de Pernambuco e o compottamento dos isolados frente aos antimicrobianos, foram analisadas 106 amostras fecais provenientes de 52 bezerros diarréicos e 54 não diarréicos de 1 a 90 dias de idade. O cultivo das amostras foi realizado em meios seletivos com posterior caracterização bioquímica, identificação sorológica e detecção de enterotoxina termoestável. Para verificação do comportamento dos isolados, foram selecionados 16 antimicrobianos. E. coli foi isolada dos 106 bezerros estudados, sendo cinco (4,7%) produtoras de enterotoxina termoestável e, Salmonella isolada de seis (5,7%) amostras pertencentes aos sorovares Dublin, Muenchen e Infantis. As amostras de Salmonella demonstraram uma elevada sensibilidade frente as drogas testadas, enquanto que as de E. coli revelaram maior resistência à tetraciclina (50,9%); sulfonamida (40,6%); estreptomicina (35,9%) e ampicilina (22,6%). No cômputo geral destaca-se a multirresistência de E. coli (52%), predominando a associação tetraciclina-sulfonamida. Face aos resultados auferidos adverte-se quanto ao uso indiscriminado de antimicrobianos. Os baixos percentuais de ETEC e Salinonella salientam a necessidade de outros procedimentos de diagnóstico visando esclarecer a etiologia das diarréias.


#35 - Sensitivity of microorganisms isolated from bovine mastitis to antibiotics and chemotherapeutic drugs

Abstract in English:

Antibiotic and chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity of 951 cultures of Staphylococcus sp., 590 cultures of Streptococcus sp. and 550 cultures of Corynebacterium sp., isolates of bovine mastites were studied. Staphylococcus sp. showed the highest levels of sensitivity (75-90%) to Cephalothin, Nitrofurantoin Vancomycin and Novobiocion: Complete resistance was seen against Phosphomycin, Polymyxin B, Colestin Sulphate and Rifamycin. In relation to Streptococcus sp., the most effective antibiotics were Chloramphenicol, Novobiocin and Vancomycin (72-77%). High levels of resistance (90-100%) were seen with Rifamycin, Streptomycin, Colestin Sulfate, Sulfomethoxazole, Phosphomycin and Polymyxin B. As for the cultures of Corynebacterium sp., the greatest sensitivity was seen with Cephalosporin (100%), followed by Erythromycin, Chloramphenicol, Gentamycin, Kanamycin, Tetracycline, Carbenicillin and Tobramycin (80-97%). None of the samples of Corynebacterium sp. studied showed complete resistance to any of the drugs tested.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Estudou-se in vitro a sensibilidade a antimicrobianos de 951 amostras de bactérias do gênero Staphylococcus, 590 amostras do gênero Streptococcus e 550 do gênero Corynebacterium, isoladas de mastites bovinas. Obtiveram-se os seguintes resultados em relação às bactérias do gênero Staphylococçus: os maiores índices de sensibilidade (75 a 90%) foram os observados frente à cefalosporina, nitrofurantoína, vancomicina e novobiocina. Observou-se 100% de resistência frente à fosfomicina, polimixina B, sulfato de colistina e rifamicina. Em relação a Streptococcus sp., os antimicrobianos mais efetivos foram cloranfenicol, novobiocina e vancomicina (sensibilidade de 72 a 77%). Altos índices de resistência (90 a 100%) foram observados frente à rifamicina, estreptomicina, sulfato de colistina, sulfametoxazol, fosfomicina e polimixina B. Quanto às amostras de Corynebacterium sp., a maior sensibilidade foi observada frente à cefalosporina (100%), seguida da eritromicina, cloranfenicol, gentamicina, canamicina, tetraciclina, carbenicilina e tobramicina (97 a 80%). Não foi observada resistência máxima (100%) aos antimicrobianos nas amostras de Corynebacterium sp. estudadas.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV