Resultado da pesquisa (4)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Listeria monocytogenes

#1 - Nervous form of listeriosis in buffaloes

Abstract in English:

Listeriosis is a disease that affects several animal species, including humans, and has three different forms of presentation: encephalic, reproductive, or septicemic. The nervous form is caused mainly by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. In Brazil, this disease has already been described in sheep, goats, and cattle. There are no reports of the disease in buffaloes in Brazil and worldwide. The objective of this study was to describe an outbreak of listeric meningoencephalitis in buffaloes in the state of Pará, Brazil. The outbreak occurred in a property located in the municipality of Bujaru, in the eastern Amazon, from May to July 2016. In a herd of 47 buffaloes, three animals (Cases 1, 2 and 3), aged <40 days, presented a neurological condition with locomotion difficulty characterized by paralysis of the four limbs, hypoesthesia, lateral recumbency, and death. Morbidity was 6.38% and lethality was 100%. At necropsy, no significant macroscopic lesions were found. Samples of the central nervous system were collected, fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and routinely processed for histopathological analysis. The main microscopic changes observed were unilateral microabscesses in the brainstem composed predominantly of mononuclear cells, with fewer polymorphonuclear cells, and perivascular cuffs composed mostly of mononuclear cells and few neutrophils. Samples of Cases 1 and 2 revealed Gram-positive bacteria in the areas of necrosis by the Gram’s stain technique. Samples of Case 1 were positive in immunohistochemistry for L. monocytogenes. Diagnosis of the nervous form of listeriosis was based on epidemiological data, clinical profile, and immunostaining for Listeria monocytogenes. Results showed that listeriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in buffaloes with nervous signs.

Abstract in Portuguese:

A listeriose é uma doença que afeta várias espécies animais, incluindo o homem, e possui três formas diferentes de apresentação: nervosa, abortiva ou septicêmica. A forma nervosa é causada principalmente pela bactéria Listeria monocytogenes. No Brasil a doença já foi descrita em bovinos, ovinos e caprinos, mas não foram encontrados relatos desta doença em búfalos no Brasil e no mundo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever um surto de listeriose nervosa em búfalos no estado do Pará, Brasil. O surto ocorreu de maio a julho de 2016, em uma propriedade localizada no município de Bujaru, na Amazônia Oriental. Três bubalinos de um total de 47 animais (Casos 1, 2 e 3), menores de 40 dias, apresentaram um quadro clínico neurológico caracterizado por dificuldade de locomoção, paralisia dos quatro membros, diminuição da sensibilidade cutânea, decúbito lateral e morte. A morbidade foi de 6,38% e a letalidade de 100%. Na necropsia não foram encontradas lesões macroscópicas significativas. Amostras do sistema nervoso central foram coletadas e fixadas em formalina tamponada a 10% e processadas rotineiramente para análise histopatológica. As principais alterações microscópicas observadas foram microabscessos unilaterais no tronco encefálico, compostos predominantemente por células mononucleares, com menor número de polimorfonucleares, e manguitos perivasculares compostos predominantemente por células mononucleares e poucos neutrófilos. Amostras dos Casos 1 e 2 revelaram bactérias Gram positivas nas áreas de necrose na técnica de Gram. Amostras do Caso 1 resultaram positivas na imuno‑histoquímica para L. monocytogenes. O diagnóstico da forma nervosa da listeriose foi baseado nos dados epidemiológicos, no quadro clínico patológico e na imunomarcação para Listeria monocytogenes. Os resultados demostram que a listeriose deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial em bubalinos com sinais nervosos.


#2 - Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil, 36(10):957-964

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Palma J.M., Lisboa R.C., Rodrigues D.P., Santos A.F.M., Hofer E. & Santana A.P. 2016. [Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil.] Caracterização molecular de Listeria monocytogenes oriundas de cortes cárneos bovinos e de abatedouros frigoríficos de bovinos localizados no Distrito Federal, Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):957-964. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF 70910-900, Brazil. E-mail: joanamarchesini@gmail.com The aim of the study was the analysis of Listeria monocytogenes strains in beef samples as well as slaughterhouse environment, located in the Federal District, promote serotyping by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), perform antibiotic susceptibility and submit the strains to Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A total of 125 beef samples were analyzed, 45 samples of carcasses swabs and 43 swab samples. It detected 13 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 11 in beef samples. and 2 in slaughterhouse environment. No carcass swabs strains were isolated. Among the 13 strains of L. monocytogenes six strains of serotype 4b were found, five serotype 1/2c and two strains of serotype 1/2a. Among the 11 strains of L. monocytogenes found in beef, one (9.1%) strain showed resistance to erythromycin, one (9.1%) strain to gentamicin, one to ciprofloxacin (9.1%) and all strains (100%) were resistant to nalidixic acid. The two strains coming from the slaughterhouse drains, all (100%) were resistant to nalidixic acid and Sulfonamides. The analysis by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) showed 13 different pulsotypes; they were grouped into three different clonal groups, coincidentally correlated with the three different serotypes found, what suggests a widespread dissemination of these profiles in the Federal District, Brazil.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Palma J.M., Lisboa R.C., Rodrigues D.P., Santos A.F.M., Hofer E. & Santana A.P. 2016. [Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes from beef samples and cattle slaughterhouses located in the Federal District, Brazil.] Caracterização molecular de Listeria monocytogenes oriundas de cortes cárneos bovinos e de abatedouros frigoríficos de bovinos localizados no Distrito Federal, Brasil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):957-964. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF 70910-900, Brazil. E-mail: joanamarchesini@gmail.com Este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar a detecção de cepas de Listeria monocytogenes de cortes cárneos bovinos bem como no ambiente de abatedouros frigoríficos localizados no Distrito Federal, promover a sorotipificação pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), realizar antibiograma e submeter às cepas à eletroforese de campo pulsado (Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis - PFGE). Foram analisados um total de 125 cortes cárneos bovinos, 45 amostras de swabs de carcaças e 43 amostras de swabs em que foram detectados 13 cepas de Listeria monocytogenes, sendo 11 em cortes cárneos bovinos e 2 swabs de ambiente em um abatedouro frigorifico. Não foram isoladas cepas de swabs de carcaça. Dentre as 13 cepas de Listeria monocytogenes foram encontradas seis cepas do sorotipo 4b, cinco do sorotipo 1/2c e duas cepas do sorotipo 1/2a. Dentre as 11 cepas de L. monocytogenes encontradas em cortes cárneos bovino, uma (9,1%) cepa apresentou resistência a eritromicina, outra (9,1%) cepa a gentamicina e outra a ciprofloxacina (9,1%) e todas as cepas (100%) apresentaram resistência ao Ác. Nalidíxico. Das duas (2) cepas oriundas de ralos de abatedouro frigorífico, todas (100%) apresentaram resistência ao Ác. Nalidíxico e a sulfonamidas. A análise por eletroforese de campo pulsante (PFGE) demonstrou 13 diferentes pulsotipos, em que foram agrupados em 3 diferentes grupos clonais, que coincidentemente se correlacionavam com os 3 diferentes sorotipos encontrados sugerindo uma ampla disseminação desses perfis no Distrito Federal.


#3 - Meningoencephalitis in sheep caused by Listeria monocytogenes, 30(1):51-56

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Rissi D.R., Kommers G.D., Marcolongo-Pereira C., Schild A.L. & Barros C.S.L. 2010. [Meningoencephalitis in sheep caused by Listeria monocytogenes.] Meningoencefalite por Listeria monocytogenes em ovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(1):51-56. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: claudioslbarros@uol.com.br Seven cases of neurological disease in sheep caused by Listeria monocytogenes in Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná state, southern Brazil are described. The cases occurred between 2000 and 2007 and 12-24-month-old sheep were affected. Overall morbidity and lethality rates were 3.15% and 100%, respectively. Cases occurred in the summer and early spring. When this information was available, affected sheep had not been fed with silage. In three farms there were close contact among affected sheep and other species. Clinical signs were characterized by recumbency (7/7), head tilt (4/7), incoordination (3/7), depression (3/7), circling (2/7), unilateral blindness, wasting, fever, midriasis, paddling, opisthotonus, hind or hind and fore limb paralysis, drooling, and muscle tremors (1/7 each). Clinical evolution varied from 12 hours to three days. Histological findings consisted of predominantly unilateral, micro-abscedative encephalitis with variable degrees of gliosis and degenerative lesions characterized by axonal spheroids and infiltration by Gitter cells. These lesions were observed extending from medulla oblongata to mesencephalon. Listeria monocytogenes antigen was showed by imunohistochemistry in routinely processed sections of brainstem from all seven affected sheep. The diagnostic was based on epidemiological, clinical, and pathological findings and confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHQ) using polyclonal anti-L. monocytogenes antibody.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Rissi D.R., Kommers G.D., Marcolongo-Pereira C., Schild A.L. & Barros C.S.L. 2010. [Meningoencephalitis in sheep caused by Listeria monocytogenes.] Meningoencefalite por Listeria monocytogenes em ovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(1):51-56. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: claudioslbarros@uol.com.br São descritos sete casos de doença neurológica em ovinos por Listeria monocytogenes no Rio Grande do Sul e Paraná entre 2000 e 2007. Foram afetados ovinos com idades entre 12-24 meses. Os casos ocorreram no verão e início da primavera e os índices gerais de morbidade e letalidade foram de 3,15% e 100%, respectivamente. Quando essa informação estava disponível, nenhum dos ovinos afetados era alimentado com silagem. Em três propriedades havia contato próximo dos ovinos afetados com outras espécies. A evolução do quadro clínico foi de 12 horas a três dias e os sinais clínicos foram caracterizados por decúbito (7/7), desvio da cabeça (4/7), incoordenação (3/7), depressão (3/7), andar em círculos (2/7), cegueira unilateral, emagrecimento progressivo, febre, midríase, movimentos de pedalagem, nistagmo lateral, opistótono, paralisia flácida dos membros pélvicos ou dos quatro membros, salivação excessiva e tremores (1/7 cada). Histologicamente observou-se encefalite com microabscessos, predominantemente unilateral com variáveis graus de gliose e alterações degenerativas como esferóides axonais e infiltração de células Gitter. As lesões se estendiam desde a medula oblonga até o mesencéfalo. Antígenos de Listeria monocytogenes foram detectados por imuno-histoquímica em seções de tronco encefálico de todos os ovinos afetados. O diagnóstico foi realizado com base nos achados epidemiológicos e clinico-patológicos, e confirmado pela imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) utilizando anticorpo policlonal anti-L. monocytogenes.


#4 - Forma nervosa de listeriose em caprinos

Abstract in English:

Rissi D.R., Rech R.R., Barros R.R., Kommers G.D., Langohr I.M., Pierezan F. & Barros C.S.L. 2006. [Listeric meningoencephalitis in goats.] Forma nervosa de listeriose em caprinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):14-20. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: claudioslbarros@uol.com.br A neurologic disease was observed in three young adult goats (indentified as A-C) from a herd of 100 goats during October-December, 2004. Clinical signs included head tilt, torticollis, nystagmus, staggering, falls and eventually recumbency and paddling, with stiff limbs. Treatment of Goat C with antibiotics resulted in a temporary remission of the clinical signs. The clinical courses where 5, 10 and 30 days respectively for Goats A, B and C. Goat A died spontaneously and the other two where euthanatized in extremis. No gross changes were observed. Histologic lesions were predominantly unilateral, with inflammatory and degenerative changes, extending from the medulla oblongata to the thalamus. In all 3 cases there were perivascular cuffings of one or more types of mononuclear cells (lymphocytes, plasma cells, activated macrophages) and occasionally neutrophils associated with areas of malacia where Gitter cells filled spaces of parenchymal loss. Additionally, Goat B had microabscesses in the medulla, pons, and mesencephalon and multifocal neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltrates within the fascicles of the trigeminal nerve and in the cerebellar leptomeninges. In the brainstem of Goat C, there was multifocal granulomatous inflammation which included epithelioid macrophages and occasional multinucleated giant cells. Listeria sp antigen was detected by imunohistochemistry in routinely processed sections of mesencephalon from Goats A and C and of pons from Goat B.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Rissi D.R., Rech R.R., Barros R.R., Kommers G.D., Langohr I.M., Pierezan F. & Barros C.S.L. 2006. [Listeric meningoencephalitis in goats.] Forma nervosa de listeriose em caprinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 26(1):14-20. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. E-mail: claudioslbarros@uol.com.br A neurologic disease was observed in three young adult goats (indentified as A-C) from a herd of 100 goats during October-December, 2004. Clinical signs included head tilt, torticollis, nystagmus, staggering, falls and eventually recumbency and paddling, with stiff limbs. Treatment of Goat C with antibiotics resulted in a temporary remission of the clinical signs. The clinical courses where 5, 10 and 30 days respectively for Goats A, B and C. Goat A died spontaneously and the other two where euthanatized in extremis. No gross changes were observed. Histologic lesions were predominantly unilateral, with inflammatory and degenerative changes, extending from the medulla oblongata to the thalamus. In all 3 cases there were perivascular cuffings of one or more types of mononuclear cells (lymphocytes, plasma cells, activated macrophages) and occasionally neutrophils associated with areas of malacia where Gitter cells filled spaces of parenchymal loss. Additionally, Goat B had microabscesses in the medulla, pons, and mesencephalon and multifocal neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltrates within the fascicles of the trigeminal nerve and in the cerebellar leptomeninges. In the brainstem of Goat C, there was multifocal granulomatous inflammation which included epithelioid macrophages and occasional multinucleated giant cells. Listeria sp antigen was detected by imunohistochemistry in routinely processed sections of mesencephalon from Goats A and C and of pons from Goat B.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV