Resultado da pesquisa (6)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa cervid

#1 - Blackleg in a free-range brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira)

Abstract in English:

A case of blackleg in a brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) associated with trauma from being hit by a car in southern Rio Grande do Sul is reported. The clinical signs included fever, dehydration and lethargy that worsened progressively until 36 hours after the accident, when the animal died. In the fore right limb, there was a comminuted closed fracture of the radius and ulna but no skin wounds were observed. Grossly, the musculature of the pelvic limbs presented hemorrhage, edema and emphysema. Microscopically, the muscles of both rear legs had necrosis, edema, hemorrhage and mild inflammatory infiltration of neutrophils. Clostridium chauvoei was cultured from affected skeletal muscles, and it was also detected by immunohistochemistry, confirming a diagnosis of blackleg. The overlapping habitat of cattle and brown brocket deer is proposed as a predisposing factor in this case and alerts to spillover cases maybe happening in this region. In addition, blackleg should be included as differential diagnoses of deer with post-traumatic myositis.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Descreve-se um caso de carbúnculo sintomático em um veado-virá (Mazama gouazoubira), macho, jovem, resgatado após atropelamento em uma rodovia na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. O cervídeo apresentou febre, desidratação e letargia, progredindo para a morte em 36 horas. No membro torácico direito foi observado fratura cominutiva fechada de rádio e ulna sem a presença de feridas perfurantes. Na necropsia foi observada hemorragia, edema e enfisema na musculatura dos membros pélvicos. Microscopicamente, os músculos dos membros pélvicos apresentaram necrose, edema, hemorragia e discreto infiltrado inflamatório neutrofílico. Houve o isolamento de Clostridium chauvoei e marcação positiva na técnica de IHQ com anticorpo monoclonal anti-C. chauvoei, confirmando o diagnóstico de carbúnculo sintomático. A sobreposição de habitat entre bovinos domésticos e cervídeos pode ser um fator de risco para esta doença e chama a atenção para casos de “spillover” que podem estar ocorrendo na região. Adicionalmente, sugere-se que o carbúnculo sintomático seja incluído nos diagnósticos diferenciais de cervídeos que apresentam miosite pós-traumática.


#2 - Detection of bluetongue virus in Brazilian cervids in São Paulo state

Abstract in English:

Viral hemorrhagic diseases in cervids occur worldwide and include epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), bluetongue (BT), and adenoviral hemorrhagic disease (AHD). Since gross lesions in all three hemorrhagic diseases are identical (hemorrhagic enteropathy, pulmonary edema, systemic petechial and suffusion hemorrhages), it is necessary to use accurate techniques for a definitive etiologic diagnosis. Archival material (paraffin blocks) at the Department of Veterinary Pathology of FCAV – Unesp was reviewed for lesions of hemorrhagic disease and 42 captive and free-living Brazilian deer were selected to include in this study. Paraffin-embedded tissues were evaluated using immunohistochemistry and tested negative for adenovirus. Using real time RT-PCR, EHD virus was not detected in paraffin-embedded tissues in any of the cases evaluated. The same technique was used for detection of BT virus and seven positive animals (16,66%) were confirmed after agarose 4% gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing. The main macroscopic changes observed in the positive animals were hemorrhagic intestinal contents, reddish mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers on tongue and petechiae in various organs. Microscopic changes observed were lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate in liver, kidney and lungs, hemorrhage, and congestion in various organs. All positive cases were from captive animals, three females (two young and one adult), and four young males. This study demonstrates that the bluetongue virus is involved in hemorrhagic disease outbreaks of deer in Brazil.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Doenças hemorrágicas virais em cervídeos ocorrem no mundo todo e incluem a doença epizoótica hemorrágica (DEH), língua azul (LA), e doença hemorrágica por adenovírus (DHA). Uma vez que as lesões nas três doenças hemorrágicas são idênticas (enteropatia hemorrágica, edema pulmonar, petéquias sistêmicas e sufusões hemorrágicas), é necessário utilizar técnicas precisas para um diagnóstico etiológico definitivo. Material de arquivo (blocos de parafina) do Departamento de Patologia Veterinária da FCAV - Unesp foi revisado para lesões de doenças hemorrágicas e 42 cervídeos brasileiros de cativeiro e de vida livre foram selecionados e incluídos neste estudo. Tecidos embebidos em parafina foram avaliados usando imunohistoquímica e foram negativos para adenovírus. Usando o RT-PCR em tempo real, o vírus da DEH não foi detectado nos tecidos de nenhum dos casos avaliados. A mesma técnica foi utilizada para detecção do vírus da LA e sete animais positivos (16,66%) foram confirmados após eletroforese em gel de agarose a 4% e sequenciamento genético. As principais alterações macroscópicas observadas nos animais positivos foram conteúdo intestinal hemorrágico, mucosa do trato gastrointestinal avermelhada, úlceras na língua e petéquias em vários órgãos. As alterações microscópicas observadas foram infiltrado inflamatório linfocítico em fígado, rins e pulmões, e hemorragia e congestão em vários órgãos. Todos os casos positivos foram de animais de cativeiro, três fêmeas (dois jovens e um adulto), e quatro jovens do sexo masculino. Este estudo demonstra que o vírus da lingual azul está envolvido nos surtos de doença hemorrágica em veados no Brasil.


#3 - Mycobacterium sp. in captive-reared wild herbivores in Rio Grande do Sul: a retrospective study and immunohistochemical detection (2003-2015), 37(1):58-65

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Ribeiro V.L., Souza S.O., Casagrande R.A., Wouters A.T.B., Wouters F., Rolim V.M., Santos E.O. & Driemeier D. 2017. [Mycobacterium sp. in captive-reared wild herbivores in Rio Grande do Sul: a retrospective study and immunohistochemical detection (2003-2015).] Infecção por Mycobacterium sp. em herbívoros selvagens de cativeiro no Rio Grande do Sul: estudo retrospectivo e detecção imuno-histoquímica (2003-2015). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(1):58-65. Setor de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9090, Bairro Agronomia, Porto Alegre, RS 91540-000, Brazil. E-mail: davetpat@ufrgs.br Tuberculosis is a debilitating infecto-contagious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus (AFB) that belong to different species of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC). Mycobacteriosis are important diseases in veterinary medicine because of their zoonotic potential and worldwide distribution, affecting all classes of vertebrates. In wild animals the mycobacteriosis have been reported mainly as a problem in captivity. There are also reports in free-ranging wildlife, endangering and hampering tuberculosis erradication programs in animal production. The diagnosis of the disease in wildlife is usually postmortem, because the tuberculin test is not standardized for wildlife species, and also it is not reliable for screening. The postmortem diagnosis is based on macroscopic findings, microscopic detection of AFB at Ziehl-Neelsen staining (ZN), and mainly isolation and identification of the agent. However, only gross and microscopic exams do not allow to distinguish the species of Mycobacterium involved. The immunostaining with polyclonal anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis confirms tuberculosis infection, but is not specific; there may be marking of other mycobacteria. The aim of this study was to describe the histologic findings, of ZN staining and immunohistochemistry technique (IHC) of 13 cases of wildlife herbivores diagnosed with tuberculosis in the Setor de Patologia Veterinária of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS) during the 2003- 2015 period. Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues were recut, stained with hematoxylin and eosin and ZN, and samples were submitted to the IHC (anti-M. tuberculosis marking, streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method). All animals included were adults living in captivity and belonged to the following species: llama (5/13), sambar deer (4/13), camel (1/13), red deer (1/13), Brazilian tapir (1/13) and Nilgai antelope (1/13). The IHC revealed immunostaining of accentuated (4/13), moderate (4/13) and discrete (4/13) intensity, except in a case with insufficient material. The histological features, findings in ZN staining and IHC in the wild herbivores with tuberculosis lesions allowed the diagnosis of infection with Mycobacterium sp., turning into fast and efficient methods of diagnosis, which can help to prevent the spread of this disease in animals from the same herd.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Ribeiro V.L., Souza S.O., Casagrande R.A., Wouters A.T.B., Wouters F., Rolim V.M., Santos E.O. & Driemeier D. 2017. [Mycobacterium sp. in captive-reared wild herbivores in Rio Grande do Sul: a retrospective study and immunohistochemical detection (2003-2015).] Infecção por Mycobacterium sp. em herbívoros selvagens de cativeiro no Rio Grande do Sul: estudo retrospectivo e detecção imuno-histoquímica (2003-2015). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 37(1):58-65. Setor de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9090, Bairro Agronomia, Porto Alegre, RS 91540-000, Brazil. E-mail: davetpat@ufrgs.br A tuberculose é uma enfermidade infectocontagiosa, debilitante, causada por bacilos álcool-ácido resistentes (BAAR), pertencentes ao complexo Mycobacterium tuberculosis (CMT). As micobacterioses têm importância em Medicina Veterinária devido ao seu potencial zoonótico e sua distribuição mundial, afetando todas as classes de vertebrados. Em animais selvagens as micobacterioses têm sido um problema relatado principalmente em cativeiro. Contudo, há relatos de sua ocorrência também em animais de vida livre, colocando em risco e dificultando os programas de erradicação da tuberculose em animais de produção. O diagnóstico nas espécies selvagens em geral é post mortem, uma vez que o teste de tuberculina não está padronizado para essas espécies, assim como não é confiável para triagem. São consideradas para o diagnóstico lesões de necropsia, observação microscópica de BAAR na coloração de Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) e, principalmente, isolamento e identificação do agente. No entanto, apenas os achados morfológicos macro e microscópicos não permitem distinguir a espécie de Mycobacterium envolvida. A técnica de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ) com anticorpo policlonal anti-M. tuberculosis confirma a infecção pelo CMT, mas não é específica, pois pode ocorrer marcação de outras micobactérias. As características histológicas, os achados na coloração de ZN e na IHQ de 13 casos de herbívoros selvagens diagnosticados com tuberculose no Setor de Patologia Veterinária da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (SPV-UFRGS) no período de 2003 a 2015 são descritos. A partir das amostras em blocos de parafina foram confeccionadas novas lâminas histológicas, coradas com hematoxilina e eosina (HE) e ZN. Cortes foram submetidos à técnica de IHQ para detecção do CMT. Todos os animais eram adultos, provenientes de cativeiro e incluíram lhama (5/13), cervo sambar (4/13), camelo (1/13), cervo vermelho (1/13), anta brasileira (1/13) e antílope Nilgai (1/13). Na IHQ observou-se imunomarcação acentuada (4/13), moderada (4/13) ou discreta (4/13), exceto em um caso, em que não havia quantidade suficiente de material. As características histológicas, bem como os achados na coloração de ZN e na técnica de IHQ confirmaram o diagnóstico de infecção por Mycobacterium sp. e foram considerados métodos rápidos e eficientes, de forma que podem ajudar na prevenção da disseminação da doença em animais.


#4 - Histological and comparative analysis of lingual papillae of the deer Mazama americana and Mazama gouzoubira by light and scanning electron microscopy, 32(10):1061-1066

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Kokubun H.S., Esper G.V.Z., Franciolli A.L.R., Silva F.M.O., Rici R.E.G. & Miglino M.A. 2012. [Histological and comparative analysis of lingual papillae of the deer Mazama americana and Mazama gouzoubira by light and scanning electron microscopy.] Estudo histológico e comparativo das papilas linguais dos cervídeos Mazama americana e Mazama gouzoubira por microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(10):1061-1066. Setor de Anatomia dos Animais Domésticos e Silvestres, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-270, Brazil. E-mail: greyson@usp.br The type of feeding is dependent on the environment in which the animal lives, fact that’s responsible for changes in morphology such as stratification, level of keratinization and functionality. Among the functional morphological structures of the tongue the papillae are worth mentioning due to their close relation to the diet. Two Cervidae species were used, five Mazama gouazoubira and two Mazama americana. Their tongues were divided into three parts, apex, body and root, and comparatively analyzed by light and scanning electron microscopy. The filiform, fungiform and vallate papillae were present in the two species’ tongue and presented the same distribution, differing only in the quantity of vallate papillae on the root of the tongue, fact that might be related to the diet. Moreover, their distribution resembles that of other herbivore species.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Kokubun H.S., Esper G.V.Z., Franciolli A.L.R., Silva F.M.O., Rici R.E.G. & Miglino M.A. 2012. [Histological and comparative analysis of lingual papillae of the deer Mazama americana and Mazama gouzoubira by light and scanning electron microscopy.] Estudo histológico e comparativo das papilas linguais dos cervídeos Mazama americana e Mazama gouzoubira por microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(10):1061-1066. Setor de Anatomia dos Animais Domésticos e Silvestres, Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, São Paulo, SP 05508-270, Brazil. E-mail: greyson@usp.br O tipo de alimentação depende do ambiente em que o animal se encontra, sendo este um fator responsável pela alteração da morfologia, como a estratificação e o nível de queratinização da língua, e a funcionalidade da mesma. Dentre as estruturas morfológicas funcionais da língua, as papilas vêm merecendo destaque devido a sua estreita relação com a dieta. Foram utilizadas duas espécies de cervídeos: cinco Mazama gouazoubira e duas Mazama americana, dividindo-se a língua em três partes: ápice, corpo e raiz. Analisou comparativamente a língua de duas espécies por meio de microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. As papilas filiforme, fungiforme e valada apresentaram na língua das duas espécies estudadas, e com a mesma distribuição, mudando apenas a quantidade e formato de papilas filiformes no ápice lingual e a quantidade e disposição das papilas valadas na raiz da língua, fator este que pode ser ligado à dieta dos animais. . Além disto, sua distribuição é semelhante à de outras espécies de herbívoros.


#5 - Molecular evidence of Brucella sp. in deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) of the southern Pantanal, 30(6):503-509

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Elisei C., Pellegrin A., Tomas W.M., Soares C.O., Araújo F.R., Funes-Huacca M.E. & Rosinha G.M.S. 2010. [Molecular evidence of Brucella sp. in deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) of the southern Pantanal.] Evidência molecular de Brucel-la sp. em Cervídeos (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) do Pantanal Sul-Mato-Grossense. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(6):503-509. Sanidade Animal, Embrapa Gado de Corte, BR 262 Km 4, Caixa Postal 154, Campo Grande, MS 79002-970, Brazil. E-mail: rosinha@cnpgc.embrapa.br The presence of Brucella spp. in wild animals can influence their reproduction rate and may be a source of infection for domestic animals and humans. The objective of this study was to identify the presence of Brucella spp. in 44 blood samples from the deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus in the southern Pantanal of Sul-Mato-Grossense, using the PCR technique. It was seen that 20.4% (9/44) of the samples were positive. The consensus sequence was obtained by sequencing these samples, which then showed 514 pb and 95% of identity with gene virB5 of B. abortus (best hits accession nr AF226278, e-value 0.0). The phylogenetic analysis of the sample isolated from deer revealed the Brucella to be very close to B. suis. The high percentage of positive samples suggests that brucellosis may be a concern in deer within the studied area, and that these animals may poses a risk for other domestic and wild ones.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Elisei C., Pellegrin A., Tomas W.M., Soares C.O., Araújo F.R., Funes-Huacca M.E. & Rosinha G.M.S. 2010. [Molecular evidence of Brucella sp. in deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) of the southern Pantanal.] Evidência molecular de Brucel-la sp. em Cervídeos (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) do Pantanal Sul-Mato-Grossense. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 30(6):503-509. Sanidade Animal, Embrapa Gado de Corte, BR 262 Km 4, Caixa Postal 154, Campo Grande, MS 79002-970, Brazil. E-mail: rosinha@cnpgc.embrapa.br A presença de Brucella spp. entre animais silvestres pode influenciar a taxa de reprodução destes hospedeiros, além de atuarem como fonte de infecção natural para os animais domésticos e humanos. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a presença de Brucella spp. em 44 amostras de sangue de veado campeiro (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) do Pantanal do Sul-Mato-Grossense, utilizando a técnica de PCR. Observou-se que 20,4% (9/44) das amostras foram positivas. A sequência consenso de nucleotídeo obtida no sequenciamento do isolado de veado campeiro apresentou 514 pb e 95% de identidade com virB5 de B. abortus (best hits acesso nr AF226278, e-value 0.0), já na análise filogenética a amostra de Brucella isolada de veado campeiro apresentou-se muito próximo de B. suis. A alta porcentagem de amostras positivas sugere que a brucelose pode ser um problema entre os veados campeiros na área estudada e que estes animais podem representar riscos para outros animais domésticos e silvestres.


#6 - Effects of laparoscopy on the cardiorespiratory system of brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) anesthetized with ketamine/ xylazine/ midazolam combination and isoflurane, p.555-560

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Munerato M.S., Zanetti E.S., Marques J.A. & Duarte J.M.B. 2008. Effects of laparoscopy on the cardiorespiratory system of brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) anesthetized with ketamine/ xylazine/ midazolam combination and isoflurane. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(11):555-560. Departamento de Clínica e Cirurgia Veterinária, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de Acesso Professor Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. E-mail: marinamunerato@gmail.com Laparoscopy is not widely used as a tool to perform assisted reproduction techniques in South American cervids; thus, scarce information in literature is available regarding its effects and appropriate anesthetic protocols to perform it. This study evaluated the effect of laparoscopy on heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), saturation of oxyhemoglobin (SpO2) and rectal temperature (RT) of six female brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) anesthetized with ketamine (5mg/kg), xylazine (0.3mg/kg), midazolam (0.5mg/kg) combination i.v. and isoflurane. Twelve laparoscopies were performed and each animal was used twice with a 40-day interval. After anesthetized, the animals were placed in dorsal recumbency to perform laparoscopy procedure using abdominal CO2 insufflations (14.2 ± 2.39mmHg; M ± SE). The main events of the laparoscopy procedure were divided into three periods: animal without (P1) and with abdominal insufflation (P2) and abdominal insufflation with the hips raised at 45° (P3). As a control, the animals were anesthetized again 40 days after the last laparoscopy, and were maintained in a dorsal recumbency for the same average duration of the previous anesthesia and no laparoscopy procedure was conducted. The period of anesthesia for the controls was also divided into P1, P2, and P3 considering the average duration of these periods in previous laparoscopies performed. Data were analyzed through the (ANOVA) variance analysis followed by Tukey test and values at P<0.05 were considered significant. No significant differences were observed in the parameters evaluated at P1, P2 and P3 between the animals submitted to laparoscopy and control. However, the RR mean between P1 (38.8 ± 4.42) and P3 (32.7 ± 4.81); and the RT mean between the P1 (38.2°C ± 0.17), P2 (37.6°C ± 0.19) and P3 (37.0°C ± 0.21) varied significantly, independent of the laparoscopy. These data indicated that laparoscopy didn’t cause any significant alterations in the cardiorespiratory parameters evaluated, even though the anesthetic protocol used can cause a reduction in the RT contributing to development of hypothermia during anesthesia.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Munerato M.S., Zanetti E.S., Marques J.A. & Duarte J.M.B. 2008. Effects of laparoscopy on the cardiorespiratory system of brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) anesthetized with ketamine/ xylazine/ midazolam combination and isoflurane. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 28(11):555-560. Departamento de Clínica e Cirurgia Veterinária, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de Acesso Professor Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. E-mail: marinamunerato@gmail.com Laparoscopy is not widely used as a tool to perform assisted reproduction techniques in South American cervids; thus, scarce information in literature is available regarding its effects and appropriate anesthetic protocols to perform it. This study evaluated the effect of laparoscopy on heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), saturation of oxyhemoglobin (SpO2) and rectal temperature (RT) of six female brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) anesthetized with ketamine (5mg/kg), xylazine (0.3mg/kg), midazolam (0.5mg/kg) combination i.v. and isoflurane. Twelve laparoscopies were performed and each animal was used twice with a 40-day interval. After anesthetized, the animals were placed in dorsal recumbency to perform laparoscopy procedure using abdominal CO2 insufflations (14.2 ± 2.39mmHg; M ± SE). The main events of the laparoscopy procedure were divided into three periods: animal without (P1) and with abdominal insufflation (P2) and abdominal insufflation with the hips raised at 45° (P3). As a control, the animals were anesthetized again 40 days after the last laparoscopy, and were maintained in a dorsal recumbency for the same average duration of the previous anesthesia and no laparoscopy procedure was conducted. The period of anesthesia for the controls was also divided into P1, P2, and P3 considering the average duration of these periods in previous laparoscopies performed. Data were analyzed through the (ANOVA) variance analysis followed by Tukey test and values at P<0.05 were considered significant. No significant differences were observed in the parameters evaluated at P1, P2 and P3 between the animals submitted to laparoscopy and control. However, the RR mean between P1 (38.8 ± 4.42) and P3 (32.7 ± 4.81); and the RT mean between the P1 (38.2°C ± 0.17), P2 (37.6°C ± 0.19) and P3 (37.0°C ± 0.21) varied significantly, independent of the laparoscopy. These data indicated that laparoscopy didn’t cause any significant alterations in the cardiorespiratory parameters evaluated, even though the anesthetic protocol used can cause a reduction in the RT contributing to development of hypothermia during anesthesia.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV